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Neornithes

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1893Neornithes Gadow
1898Neornithes Gadow p. 30
1911Neornithes Jaekel p. 170
1960Neornithes Wetmore p. 23
1963Lonchodytes pterygius Brodkorb pp. 58-59
1975Neornithes Thulborn p. 267
1981Neornithes Walker p. 51
1984Neornithes Martin p. 146
1988Neornithes Carroll
1994Neornithes Chiappe and Calvo p. 239 fig. 1
1998Neornithes Sereno p. 65
1999Neornithes Sereno
2000Neornithes Kurochkin p. 547
2002Neornithes Chatterjee p. 128
2002Neornithes Hope p. 352
2006Neornithes You et al. p. 1643 figs. Fig. 3
2007Neornithes Livezey and Zusi p. 89
2008Neornithes Cau and Arduini
2012Neornithes Naish et al.
2013Neornithes O'Connor and Zelenkov
2014Neornithes Wang et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
RankNameAuthor
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Hauterivian to the top of the Holocene or 136.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 130.0 Ma

Collections (1847 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0France Gallornis straeleni (61563)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Navoi) Horezmavis eocretacea (58208)
Turonian - Coniacian93.9 - 86.3Argentina (Neuquén) Neornithes indet. (118307)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Neornithes indet. (58168)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Oena plana (190555)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (California) Neognathae indet. (94632)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mongolia (Omnogov) Presbyornithidae indet. (65344)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (British Colombia) Maaqwi cascadensis (191629)
Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Argentina (Río Negro) Neornithes indet. (45087)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Palintropus sp. (24894)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Mongolia Teviornis gobiensis (84444)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Argentina (Río Negro) N. sp. (49557)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Argentina (Salta) Yacoraitichnus avis (13306)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Antarctica Polarornis gregorii (131860)
Maastrichtian - Paleocene72.1 - 56.0New Zealand Aves indet. (189281)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Presbyornithidae indet. sp. 4, Presbyornithidae indet. sp. 3, Presbyornithidae indet. sp. 2, Neornithes indet. sp. 6, Lonchodytes pterygius (14519)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Antarctica Aves indet. (13106) Presbyornithidae indet. (45325) Vegavis sp. (204405)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Ciconiiformes indet., Gaviiformes indet., Neornithes indet. sp. 3, Lonchodytes estesi, Torotix clemensi, Lonchodytes pterygius, Neornithes indet. sp. 2 (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Chile (Concepcíon) Neogaeornis wetzeli (13309)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Telmatornis rex (88034)