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Acanthodii (spiny fish)

Taxonomy
Acanthodii was named by Owen (1846). It is not extant.

It was reranked as the unranked clade Acanthodii by Gadow (1898); it was reranked as the order Acanthodii by Hay (1902); it was reranked as the subclass Acanthodii by Miles (1977).

It was assigned to Pisces by Gadow (1898); to Ichthyotomi by Hay (1902); to Gnathostomata by Dineley and Metcalf (1999); to Chordata by Sepkoski (2002); and to Teleostomi by Miles (1977) and Long (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1846Acanthodii Owen
1898Acanthodii Gadow p. 6
1902Acanthodii Hay p. 273
1977Acanthodii Miles
1999Acanthodii Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2002Acanthodii Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Acanthodii Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
RankNameAuthor
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Acanthodii(Owen 1846)
Acanthodii(Owen 1846)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektonicc
Diet: carnivorec
Created: 2004-09-24 07:51:17
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:07:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Ludfordian to the top of the Lopingian or 425.60000 to 252.17000 Ma

Collections (35 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0United Kingdom (England) Ischnacanthus kingi (8314 8320)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0China (Junnan) Gomphonchus sp., Hanilepis wangi, Poracanthodes qujingensis (182558)
Kaugetuma423.0 - 419.2Estonia Gomphonchus sandelensis (195606)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia (Saare) Gomphonchus sandelensis, Gomphonchus hoppei, Poracanthodes punctatus (193837)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (Nunavut) Acanthodii indet. (90324)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Sichuan) Gomphonchus sandelensis (182549)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Gansu) Gomphonchus sandelensis (182526)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Junnan) Hanilepis wangi (182559)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (New Brunswick) Nerepisacanthus denison (161317)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Acanthodii indet. (26917)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8United Kingdom (England) Acanthodii indet., Climatiiformes indet., Nodonchus bambusifer (90352)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Ischnacanthus sp., Mesacanthus sp. (26908)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6Ukraine Ischnacanthiformes indet., Podoliacanthus sp., Podoliacanthus zychi (23447)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Bolivia Acanthodii indet., Gomphonchus pluriformis, Ischnacanthida indet., Nodonchus rectus (25592)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3United Kingdom (Scotland) Euthacanthus gracilis (181898 181899)
Ditton416.0 - 412.3United Kingdom (Herefordshire) Acanthodii indet. (201736)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Russian Federation Cheiracanthoides comptus (35710 35711 35749) Cheiracanthoides comptus, Cheiracanthoides sp. A (35712) Cheiracanthoides comptus, Cheiracanthoides sp. A, Cheiracanthoides sp. B (35713)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3New Zealand Gomphonchus sp. (40524)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3South Africa Acanthodii indet. (35578 35584)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9South Africa Acanthodii indet. (35599)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9Russian Federation Cheiracanthoides comptus, Cheiracanthoides sp. A (35715 35718 35720)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9USA (Nevada) Acanthodii indet. (90948)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Atopacanthus sp., Devononchus concinnus (90343)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Quebec) Homalacanthus concinnus, Triazeugacanthus affinis (179176)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0USA (Iowa) Acanthodii indet. (68318)
Lopingian259.9 - 252.17Greenland Acanthodii indet. (122143)