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Rauisuchidae (rauisuchid)

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Rauisuchidae was named by Huene (1942). Its type is Rauisuchus. It is the type family of Rauisuchia. It was considered unknown by Sulej (2005) and monophyletic by Nesbitt (2011).

It was reranked as the unranked clade Rauisuchidae by Nesbitt (2011).

It was assigned to Ornithosuchoidea by Kuhn (1964); to Pseudosuchia by Krebs (1965); to Chirotherioidea by Kuhn (1966); to Pseudosuchida by Kuhn (1971); to Rauisuchia by Galton (1985), Carroll (1988) and Parrish (1993); to Rauisuchia by Long and Murry (1995) and Sulej (2005); and to Loricata by Nesbitt (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1942Rauisuchidae Huene
1964Rauisuchidae Kuhn p. 320
1965Rauisuchidae Krebs p. 131
1966Rauisuchidae Kuhn p. 73
1971Rauisuchidae Kuhn p. 13
1985Rauisuchidae Galton
1988Rauisuchidae Carroll
1993Rauisuchidae Parrish p. 290 fig. 1
1995Rauisuchidae Long and Murry p. 119
2005Rauisuchidae Sulej p. 78
2011Rauisuchidae Nesbitt p. 203 fig. 51

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
RankNameAuthor
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
Pseudosuchia(Zittel 1890)
SuchiaKrebs 1974
Paracrocodylomorpha
Loricata(Merrem 1820)
Rauisuchidae(Huene 1942)
Rauisuchidae(Huene 1942)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
B. Krebs 1965Grosswüchsige Pseudosuchier. Schädel mit mittelgrosser Präorbitalöffnung. Thecodontes Gebiss mit relativ wenigen, grossen, zugespitzten, randlieh gekerbten Zähnen. Ungefähr 24 Präsacralwirbel, zwei Sacralwirbel, um 50 Schwanzwirbel. Halsrippenschäfte untereinander gelenkig verbunden. Längliche Scapula, ovales, caudal nicht oder kaum eingebuchtetes Coracoid mit kleinem Foramen. Extrem dreistrahliges Becken mit geschlossenem Acetabulum, an welchem alle drei Elemente beteiligt sind. Schlanke, lange Extremitäten. Länge Humerus + Radius erreicht rund drei Viertel vom Femur + Tibia. Radius ungefähr gleich lang wie Humerus. Tarsus mit vier Elementen, Gelenkkopf-Gelenkpfanne-Verbindung zwischen Astragalus und Calcaneus, kräftiger Tuber calcanei. Metatarsale V gekrümmt. Über Hals und Rumpf paarige, über Schwanz einfache Reihe kleiner dermaler Knochenschilder.
S. J. Nesbitt 2011The most inclusive clade containing Rauisuchus tiradentes (Huene, 1942) but not Aetosaurus ferratus Fraas, 1877, Prestosuchus chiniquensis Huene, 1942, Poposaurus gracilis Mehl, 1915, or Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti, 1768
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:38:45
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:38:45
Source: subo = suborder, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Benton 1983, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Olenekian to the top of the Early/Lower Jurassic or 251.20000 to 174.10000 Ma

Collections (69 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Induan - Smithian252.17 - 247.2India (West Bengal) Teratosaurus bengalensis (117188)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Volgograd) Scythosuchus basileus (27343)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Vjushkovisaurus berdjanensis (97415)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Russian Federation (Orenburg) Vjushkovisaurus berdjanensis (97409)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Namibia Erythrosuchus africanus (99462)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Zanclodon schutzii (77928)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Argentina (La Rioja) Luperosuchus fractus (13003 26092 60296)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Russian Federation (Orenburg) Energosuchus garjainovi (97439)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Energosuchus garjainovi (79970)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Theropoda indet. (107286)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Texas) Postosuchus sp. (84271)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Tikisuchus romeri (94787)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Marrakech) Arganasuchus dutuiti (94786) Theropoda indet. (58619)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Wyoming) Dolichobrachium gracile (91590)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Virginia) Rauisuchidae indet. (68950 68957)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Coelophysis sp. (71978 71982) Postosuchus kirkpatricki (71976)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Rauisuchus tiradentes (72088 72089 72136 99406 99408 99410)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Poposauridae indet. (32343)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Poland (Opole) Teratosaurus sp. (61449 61450)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Wurttemberg) Teratosaurus suevicus (47785)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Postosuchus kirkpatricki (39160 39219 49500 57683 92322 92826 92850 93392 93414 93431 93432 93471 93541) Postosuchus sp. (57685 57686)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Postosuchus sp. (93605) Rauisuchidae indet. (48516 74202 75656 89969 93584 93594 93607 93608) Vivaron haydeni (92938 92939)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Argentina (San Juan) Rauisuchidae indet. (182613)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Postosuchus kirkpatricki (22706 98605) Postosuchus sp. (13273 196537)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (New Mexico) Postosuchus sp. (62311)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Greenland Rauisuchidae indet. (26997)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Arizona) Postosuchus sp. (84015 84016 84017)
Early/Lower Jurassic201.3 - 174.1Zimbabwe (Matabeleland South) Rauisuchidae indet. (45534)