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Viperidae (viper)

Reptilia - Squamata - Viperidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Viperidae Oppel
1871Viperidae Cope p. 238
1875Viperidae Cope p. 23
1890Viperidae Zittel p. 631
1892Provipera Kinkelin p. 94
1892Provipera boettgeri Kinkelin p. 94
1898Viperidae Gadow p. 29
1946Viperidae Kuhn p. 62
1987Viperidae Szyndlar p. 66
1988Viperidae Carroll
1996Viperidae Frank and Ramus
2008Viperidae Böhme p. 169
2008Viperidae Venczel and Stiuca p. 759
2015Viperidae Cernansky et al. p. 121
2016Viperidae Ikeda et al. p. 151

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
suborderOphidia(Latreille 1804)
Serpentes(Linnaeus 1758)
infraorderAlethinophidia
superfamilyColubroidea
familyViperidae
familyViperidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Adult length: 1000 to < 10^4f
Maximum body mass: 3 kgf
Minimum body mass: 300 gf
Grouping: solitaryf
Environment: terrestrialf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: carnivoref
Reproduction: oviparousf
Created: 2005-09-05 19:48:27
Modified: 2005-09-10 11:39:27
Source: f = family, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Behler and King 1979

Age range: base of the Harrisonian to the top of the Holocene or 24.80000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (47 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany (Bavaria) Viperidae indet. (84364)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (Nebraska) Viperidae indet. (17802)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) Viperidae indet. (135772)
Agenian23.03 - 20.0Switzerland (Fribourg) Viperidae indet. (203089)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Namibia (Karas) Viperidae indet. (146601)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Viperidae indet. (47095)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Namibia Viperidae indet. (21855)
MN 222.4 - 20.0Germany (R.-P. and Hesse) Provipera boettgeri (69606)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Germany (Bavaria) Viperidae indet. (205184)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Greece Viperidae indet. (68032)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia) Viperidae indet. (199780 199781 199782)
Burdigalian - Tortonian20.44 - 7.246France Viperidae indet. (187580)
MN 416.9 - 15.97France (Midi-Pyrenees) Viperidae indet. (Vipera ["oriental viper"] or Daboia), Viperidae indet. (136919)
MN 416.9 - 15.97Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary) Viperidae indet. (138666)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Germany (Bavaria) Viperidae indet. (205187)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Viperidae indet. (48325)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Viperidae indet. (140202)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) Viperidae indet. (18284)
Early/Lower Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Viperidae indet. (18665)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Poland (Silesia) Viperidae indet. (42594)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Thailand Viperidae indet. (48126)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Spain (Balearic Islands) Viperidae indet. (136226)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Russian Federation (Irkutsk) Viperidae indet. (48439)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Viperidae indet. (188779)
MN 7 + 812.75 - 11.1Hungary (Heves) Viperidae indet. (168132)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey Viperidae indet. (56563)
MN 911.1 - 9.7Hungary (Heves) Viperidae indet. (168177 168187 168189)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Viperidae indet. (18601)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Russian Federation (Rostovskaya Oblast') Viperidae indet. (174455)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Spain Viperidae indet. (28625)
Ruscinian5.333 - 3.2Greece Laophis crotaloides (36579)
MN 144.9 - 4.2Poland Viperidae indet "B" (32240)
MN 154.2 - 3.2Poland Viperidae indet. (33396)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Tanzania Viperidae indet. (22593)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Poland Viperidae indet. (33480)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan (Ryukyu Islands) Viperidae indet. (210495)
Gelasian - Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Granada) Viperidae indet. (77773)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Arizona) Viperidae indet. (20446 20447)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Viperidae indet. (58089)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126South Africa (Namaqualand) Viperidae indet. (51188)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117South Africa (Namaqualand) Viperidae indet. (51187)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa Viperidae indet. (21862)