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Cheloniidae

Reptilia - Testudines - Cheloniidae

Taxonomy
Cheloniidae was named by Bonaparte (1832). It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Matzke (2007) and Karl et al. (2012).

It was corrected as Chelonidae by Lydekker (1889) and Kuhn (1966); it was misspelled as Chelonidae by Zittel (1890), Baur (1893), Gadow (1898), Hay (1902), Stefano (1903), Case (1904), Andrews (1906), Kuhn (1946), Mlynarski (1959), Zangerl (1960), Gaffney (1975), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Weems (1988), Carroll (1988), Dodd and Morgan (1992), Frank and Ramus (1996), Hirayama (1998), Karl and Tichy (1999), Parris et al. (2000), Lynch and Parham (2003), Joyce et al. (2004), Parmley et al. (2006), Karl (2007), Matzke (2007), Grant-Mackie et al. (2011), Cadena et al. (2012), Karl et al. (2012), de Lapparent de Broin et al. (2014), van Dijk et al. (2014), Haidr and Acosta Hospitaleche (2017) and Myers et al. (2018).

It was assigned to Chelonia by Owen (1842); to Cryptodira by Hay (1902); to Cryptodira by Cope (1871), Cope (1875), Zittel (1890), Gadow (1898), Stefano (1903), Case (1904) and Kuhn (1946); to Chelonioidea by Mlynarski (1959); to Cryptodira by Andrews (1906) and Thurmond and Jones (1981); to Testudines by Dodd and Morgan (1992), Frank and Ramus (1996) and Parris et al. (2000); to Cryptodira by Lydekker (1889), Lynch and Parham (2003) and Cadena et al. (2012); to Chelonoidea by Zangerl (1960), Gaffney (1975), Matzke (2007) and Haidr and Acosta Hospitaleche (2017); and to Chelonioidea by Baur (1893), Kuhn (1966), Weems (1988), Carroll (1988), Hirayama (1998), Karl and Tichy (1999), Joyce et al. (2004), Parmley et al. (2006), Karl (2007), Grant-Mackie et al. (2011), Karl et al. (2012), de Lapparent de Broin et al. (2014), van Dijk et al. (2014) and Myers et al. (2018).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1832Cheloniidae Bonaparte
1842Chelonidae Owen p. 168
1871Cheloniidae Cope p. 235
1875Cheloniidae Cope p. 16
1879Chelone gastaldii Portis p. 115 figs. Figs. 1-3, Plate 1
1879Chelone sismondai Portis p. 117 figs. Plate 2
1889Chelonidae Lydekker pp. 25-27
1890Pliochelys derelicta Portis
1890Progonosaurus pertinax Portis
1890Chelonidae Zittel p. 521
1893Cheloniidae Baur p. 673
1898Chelonidae Gadow p. 21
1898Chelone simonellii Porta
1898Chelone sordellii Porta
1898Chelone strobeli Porta
1902Cheloniidae Hay p. 443
1903Cheloniidae Stefano p. 68
1904Chelonidae Case p. 63
1905Chelone murua de Vis
1906Chelonidae Andrews p. 287
1946Chelonidae Kuhn p. 58
1954Chelone bellunensis Bergounioux
1954Chelone acuticostata Bergounioux p. 85 figs. Plate XVII, 2, fig. 34
1959Cheloniidae Mlynarski p. 185
1960Cheloniidae Zangerl p. 285
1966Chelonidae Kuhn p. 28
1975Cheloniidae Gaffney p. 429
1981Cheloniidae Thurmond and Jones p. 136
1988Cheloniidae Carroll
1988Cheloniidae Weems p. 141 figs. Table 2
1992Cheloniidae Dodd, Jr. and Morgan p. 3
1996Cheloniidae Frank and Ramus
1998Cheloniidae Hirayama
1999Cheloniidae Karl and Tichy p. 63
2000Cheloniidae Parris et al. p. 230
2003Cheloniidae Lynch and Parham p. 22
2004Cheloniidae Joyce et al.
2006Cheloniidae Parmley et al. p. 344
2007Cheloniidae Karl p. 36
2007Cheloniidae Matzke
2011Cheloniidae Grant-Mackie et al.
2012Cheloniidae Cadena et al. p. 548
2012Cheloniidae Karl et al.
2014Cheloniidae de Lapparent de Broin et al.
2014Cheloniidae van Dijk et al.
2017Cheloniidae Haidr and Acosta Hospitaleche p. 2
2018Cheloniidae Myers et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
PancryptodiraJoyce et al. 2004
superfamilyChelonioidea
familyCheloniidaeBonaparte 1832
familyCheloniidaeBonaparte 1832

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 10:37:12
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:37:12
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Valanginian to the top of the Holocene or 139.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 136.4 Ma

Collections (193 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Tunisia (Gafsa) Lytoloma crassa, Thalassochelys phosphatica (151620)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) Chelone costata (52258)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Switzerland Trachyaspis sanctae-crucis (2225)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Portugal (Sesimbra) Cheloniidae indet. (189306)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Chelone jessoni, Lytoloma cantabrigiense (94210)
Late/Upper Albian - Cenomanian105.3 - 93.9Russian Federation (Belgorod) Cheloniidae indet. (32314)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8United Kingdom (England) Chelone sp. (92427) Puppigerus camperi (92426)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Italy (Verona) Protosphargis veronensis (191630) Protostega sp. (191628)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Germany (Lower Saxony) Allopleuron hofmanni (138297)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (New Mexico) Cheloniidae indet. (52360)
Early/Lower Turonian - Early/Lower Coniacian93.5 - 85.8Germany (Lower Saxony) Cheloniidae indet. (136745)
Senonian - Maastrichtian89.3 - 66.0Jordan Cheloniidae indet. (36256)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Cheloniidae indet. (35289)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (California) Testudines indet. (94632)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Germany (Lower Saxony) Allopleuron hofmanni (138298)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (California) Cheloniidae indet. (137837)
Early/Lower Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Germany (Niedersachsen) Allopleuron hofmanni (31992)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Germany (Niedersachsen) Allopleuron hofmanni (31993)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Arkansas) Catapleura arkansaw (167231)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Syria Cheloniidae indet. (117850 117852)