Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Protostegidae

Reptilia - Testudines - Protostegidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Protostegidae Cope
1875Protostegidae Cope p. 16
1902Protostegidae Hay p. 439
1909Protostegidae Wieland p. 102
1911Protostegidae Jaekel p. 187
1946Protostegidae Kuhn p. 58
1966Protostegidae Kuhn p. 28
1975Protostegidae Gaffney p. 429
1981Protostegidae Thurmond and Jones p. 124
1988Protostegidae Carroll
1988Protostegidae Weems p. 141 figs. Table 2
1998Protostegidae Hirayama
2004Protostegidae Joyce et al.
2004Protostegidae Lehman and Tomlinson p. 1163
2006Protostegidae Kear
2006Protostegidae Kear and Lee p. 116
2012Protostegidae Karl et al.
2014Protostegidae de Lapparent de Broin et al.
2015Protostegidae Cadena and Parham p. 3

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
PancryptodiraJoyce et al. 2004
superfamilyChelonioidea
familyProtostegidaeCope 1873
familyProtostegidaeCope 1873

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 10:37:12
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:37:12
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Barremian to the top of the Early/Lower Maastrichtian or 129.40000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (59 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (Nebraska) Desmatochelys lowii (191693)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Australia (Queensland) Notochelys costata (198220)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Colombia (Boyaca) Desmatochelys padillai (176544)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Colombia Desmatochelys padillai (72029)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03France Rhinochelys amaberti (63325)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Russian Federation (Belgorod) Chelospharginae sp. (92402)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Brazil (Ceará) Santanachelys gaffneyi (67712)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6Australia (Queensland) Cratochelone berneyi (139918) Notochelone sp. (89951)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Australia (Queensland) Bouliachelys suteri (110465 129288) Protostegidae indet. (122712)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Poland (Annopol) P. gen. et sp. indet. A, P. gen. et sp. indet. B (178042)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Chelone pulchriceps (137412)
Late/Upper Albian - Cenomanian105.3 - 93.9Russian Federation (Belgorod) Teguliscapha sp., Teguliscapha rossica (32314)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Russian Federation (Volgograd) Teguliscapha sp. (198238)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Protostegidae indet. (94265)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (Texas) Protostega eaglefordensis (198243)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8United Kingdom (England) Protostega sp. (92426) Protostega sp., Rhinochelys sp. (92427)
Early/Lower Cenomanian - Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Lebanon (Kesrouâne) Chelonia indet. (60285)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Russian Federation (Volgograd) Teguliscapha sp. (92418)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Protostegidae indet. (52997)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (South Dakota) Desmatochelys lowi (181902)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (California) Protostegidae indet. (137836)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (Kansas) Desmatochelys lowi (102879)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Arizona) Desmatochelys lowi (55986)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Protostegidae indet. (181009)
Early/Lower Turonian - Early/Lower Coniacian93.5 - 85.8Germany (Lower Saxony) Rhinochelys pulchriceps (136745)
Coniacian - Campanian89.8 - 72.1USA (Texas) Protostegidae indet. (90467)
Late/Upper Coniacian - Early/Lower Campanian89.3 - 70.6USA (Kansas) Protostega gigas (203740)
Senonian89.3 - 66.0USA (Kansas) Protostega advena (203742)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Alabama) Protostega dixie, Chelosphargis advena (81927)
Santonian - Maastrichtian86.3 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Chelosphargis advena (81972) Protostega sp. (107502)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (British Columbia) Desmatochelys lowi (27727 27728)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Kansas) Protostega copei (167919) Protostega gigas (93225) Protostega potens (203741)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Mississippi) Platecarpus tuberosus (98972)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) Calcarichelys gemma (81935) Protostega dixie (81930 81931 81932 81933) Protostega dixie, Chelosphargis advena (81934)
Piripauan - Haumurian85.8 - 66.0New Zealand Protostegidae indet. (27887)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mexico (Coahuila) Desmatochelys lowii (201737)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Alabama) Calcarichelys gemma (82635)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (South Dakota) Archelon ischryos (52084) Archelon marshii (154803)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Dakota) Archelon sp. (179297)
Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Archelon ischyros (167918)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Penza) Chelospharginae indet. (92329)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Manitoba) Protostega sp. (23338)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Terlinguachelys fischbecki (90466)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Angola (Namibe) Calcarichelys sp., Protostega sp. (106705)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Protostegidae indet. (46617)