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Siren (siren)

- Urodela

Taxonomy
Siren was named by Linnaeus (1766). It is extant.

It was assigned to Sirenidae by Cope (1875), Goin and Auffenberg (1955), Lynch (1965), Estes (1981) and Carroll (1988).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1766Siren Linnaeus
1875Siren Cope p. 24
1955Siren Goin and Auffenberg
1965Siren Lynch p. 72
1981Siren Estes
1988Siren Carroll

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
RankNameAuthor
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Temnospondyli()
Lissamphibia()
Batrachia(Macartney 1802)
Caudata(Scopoli 1777)
familyUrodela()
familySirenidaeGray 1825
genusSirenLinnaeus 1766

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: brackish, freshwater, terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilesubo
Life habit: amphibioussubo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:44:54
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:44:54
Source: subo = suborder, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bridgerian to the top of the Holocene or 50.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 46.2 Ma

Collections (30 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Siren dunni (16235)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) Siren miotexana (18664)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Florida) Siren hesterna (18597)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Siren indet. (140202) Siren miotexana (18646)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) Siren sp. (18284)
Early/Lower Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Siren miotexana (18665)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Siren sp. (18554)
Clarendonian - Hemphillian13.6 - 4.9USA (Florida) Siren simpsoni (18541)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Florida) Siren sp. (18601)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Siren lacertina (19764) Siren sp. (19753)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Siren sp. (20400 58089)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Siren lacertina (20491) Siren sp. (20440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Siren lacertina (34269 74292 154773 154910 154922 155346 155347 155348)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Siren intermedia (20604)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Siren lacertina (20573 20593)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Siren sp. (154722)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Siren lacertina (154921)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Georgia) Siren sp., Siren lacertina (152113)