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Carnivora (carnivoran)

Mammalia - Carnivora

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Viverra memphitis Linnaeus p. 44
1821Carnivora Bowditch
1873Carnivora Leidy p. 315
1883Carnivora Flower p. 186
1885Carnivora Lydekker p. 196
1889Carnivora Cope p. 875
1891Carnivora Flower and Lydekker p. 91
1897Carnivora Ameghino p. 501
1898Carnivora Gadow p. 50
1906Carnivora Andrews p. 218
1908Carnivora Lambe
1930Carnivora Hay p. 456
1975Carnivora McKenna p. 42
1976Carnivora Tedford p. 372
1979Carnivora Barnes p. 8
1981Carnivora Thurmond and Jones p. 174
1986Carnivora Hooker p. 326
1987Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1988Carnivora Barnes p. 2
1988Carnivora Carroll
1989Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1989Carnivora Shoshani et al. p. 436
1991Carnivora Nowak
1992Carnivora Barnes p. 3
1992Carnivora Kohno p. 16
1994Carnivora Tedford et al. p. 12
1995Carnivora Barnes and Hirota p. 330
1996Carnivora Kohno p. 389
1999Carnivora Ginsburg and Janvier p. 170
1999Carnivora Waddell et al. p. 3
2001Carnivora Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Carnivora Waddell et al. p. 148
2002Carnivora Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Carnivora Davis et al. p. 365
2005Carnivora Wesley-Hunt and Werdelin p. 842
2006Carnivora Barnes et al. p. 59
2006Carnivora Hulbert and Whitmore p. 5
2006Carnivora Kohno p. 411
2006Carnivora Lopatin
2008Carnivora Kohno and Ray p. 44
2008Carnivora Tedford and Wang p. 273
2008Carnivora Wang and Tedford
2009Carnivora Spaulding et al.
2010Carnivora Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2010Carnivora Silcox et al.
2010Carnivora Spaulding et al. p. 815
2011Carnivora Hunt, Jr. p. 21
2011Carnivora Tomiya p. 3
2014Carnivora Vianey-Liaud et al. p. 610
2016Carnivora Solé et al.
2016Carnivora Tomiya and Tseng p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 300 kgs
Minimum body mass: 100 kgs
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoreo
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Comments: life habit and diet based on Nowak 1999 o
Created: 2005-08-26 13:31:06
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:31:06
Source: s = species, o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Martin 1990, Carroll 1988, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Puercan to the top of the Holocene or 66.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 63.3 Ma

Collections (4718 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Carnivora indet., Ravenictis krausei (14768)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Texas) Protictis sp. (14887)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7China (Anhui) Pappictidops orientalis (132943 146556)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guang-dong (Kwantung)) Pappictidops acies, Pappictidops obtusus (176607)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guangdong) Pappictidops acies, Pappictidops obtusus (140273)
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Carnivora indet. (137861)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Ictidopappus mustelinus (14906)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Pristinictis connata (14939)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Protictis sp. (15048)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (North Dakota) Miacidae indet. (14931) Miacidae indet., Viverravinae indet. (14962)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Didymictis sp. (14999) Viverravinae indet. (15032 15049)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Île-de-France) Miacidae indet. (68437)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Marne) Miacidae indet. (35533 35535)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom Miacidae indet. (87950)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Miacidae indet., Viverridae indet. (133368) Miacis rundlei (38868)
Graybullian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Carnivora indet. (15878) Vulpavus australis (15701)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Carnivora indet., Miacis sp. (15917) Miacis exiguus, Miacis latidens, Miacis parvivorus, Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (15915) Miacis latidens, Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (15930) Vulpavus australis (16003) Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (16078) Vulpavus canavus, Viverravinae indet. (16073)
Lysitean - Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Miacidae indet. (15451)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Carnivora indet. (15886 15936 46740 46757 46846) Miacidae indet. (15515 15673 118482 186931 186933 186935) Miacidae indet., Uintacyon sp. (15493) Miacinae indet. (16022) Miacis deutschi (15458 15727 15796 46647 46785 46809) Miacis exiguus (15468 15472 15513 15516 15520 15549 15723 15756 15790 15942 46727 46728 46739 46765 46773 46797 46808 46844) Miacis exiguus, Vulpavus asius (15710) Miacis exiguus, Vulpavus australis (15694 15805 46729 46767) Miacis exiguus, Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus (15573) Miacis exiguus, Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus, Uintacyon sp. (15577 15578) Miacis latidens (15714 15910) Miacis latidens, Miacis exiguus, Vulpavus asius (15662) Miacis petilus (15618 46754) Miacis petilus, Vulpavus australis (46699 46704) Miacis petilus, Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus (15576) Miacis sp. (46683 46731 46831 46852) Miacis sp., Vulpavus australis (46803) Miacis sp., Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus, Miacinae indet. (15559) Oodectes herpestoides (15491) Uintacyon sp. (15504 15793 16062) Vulpavus asius (15479) Vulpavus australis (15518 15522 15531 15532 15538 15541 15542 15543 15546 15547 15597 15806 15906 27268 46652 46682 46700 46712 46736 46737 46745 46759 46766 46780) Vulpavus australis, Miacis exiguus (15534 15540 15551 15556) Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus (15560) Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus, Miacis exiguus (15548 15553 15554 15555 15557 15558) Vulpavus canavus (15563 15565 15566 15579) Vulpavus profectus (15669) Vulpavus simplex, Vulpavus australis (46746) Vulpavus sp. (15455 15846 15934) Vulpavus sp., Miacis exiguus (15552) Vulpavus sp., Miacis exiguus, Uintacyon sp. (15575) Vulpavus sp., Miacis latidens (15486) Vulpavus sp., Miacis latidens, Vulpavus canavus, Miacis exiguus (15964)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Colorado) Miacidae indet. (15282) Miacis exiguus (15220 15262 15450 15480 15485 15660 15725 15845 15868 15887) Miacis latidens (15278 15293 15393 15401) Vulpavus australis (15328) Vulpavus australis, Vulpavus canavus (15413)