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Gopherus (gopher tortoise)

Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1832Gopherus Rafinesque
1857Xerobates Agassiz
1937Bysmachelys Johnston p. 447
1953Gopherus Galbreath p. 38
1961Testudo milleri Brattstrom p. 546
1971Gopherus Auffenberg p. 116
1982Scaptochelys Bramble p. 853 figs. 1-11
1988Gopherus Carroll
1992Xerobates Hutchison
1996Gopherus Frank and Ramus
1996Gopherus Hutchison p. 348
1996Gopherus (Oligopherus) Hutchison p. 348
1998Gopherus Wall and Maddox p. 11
2004Gopherus Joyce et al.
2004Gopherus Reynoso and Montellano-Ballesteros p. 823
2009Gopherus Anquetin et al.
2014Gopherus de la Fuente et al.
2014Gopherus van Dijk et al.
2018Gopherus Vlachos
2018Oligopherus Vlachos
2019Gopherus May

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Pantestudinoidea
superfamilyTestudinoidea
Pantestudinidae
familyTestudinidaeBatsch 1788
genusGopherusRafinesque 1832

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: herbivoref
Diet 2: herbivoref
Reproduction: oviparousf
Created: 2005-08-26 07:16:55
Modified: 2005-09-09 16:16:46
Source: f = family, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Ernst and Barbour 1989, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Chadronian to the top of the Holocene or 37.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 33.9 Ma

Collections (79 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Nebraska) Gopherus laticuneus (99591 99593 99595)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Testudo laticuneus (16977)
Chadronian - Orellan37.2 - 33.3USA (Nebraska) Gopherus laticuneus (99594)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Wyoming) Testudo laticunea (99850 99851)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Nebraska) Gopherus laticuneus (99590 99592)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Wyoming) Testudo brevisterna (191902)
Harrisonian24.8 - 20.43USA (Nebraska) Testudo edae (191903)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Wyoming) Gopherus edae (19073 19074)
Hemingfordian - Barstovian20.43 - 13.6USA (California) Gopherus dehiscus (19235) Gopherus depressus (19197)
Hemingfordian - Barstovian20.43 - 13.6USA (Colorado) Testudo pansa (191836)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Wyoming) Testudo vaga (191921)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Testudo milleri (99598) Testudo milleri, Gopherus mohavense (99597)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (California) Gopherus mohavense (19553)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Texas) Gopherus sp. (18623)
Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9USA (Oklahoma) Gopherus sp. (170191)
Late/Upper Hemphillian10.3 - 4.9Mexico (Chihuahua) Gopherus sp. (18755)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (98317 101742)
Blancan (interglacial)4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (98315)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Texas) Bysmachelys canyonensis (20033) Gopherus huecoensis (20037)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (Texas) Bysmachelys canyonensis (99817) Testudo campester (191451)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Mexico (Santiago chazumba) Gopherus sp. (190089)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Gopherus polyphemus (77590) Gopherus sp. (65405)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (206227)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Gopherus hexagonatus (22642)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0Mexico (Santiago Chazumba) Gopherus sp. (190088)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (20384)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (20289 20351 20385 20400 20524 26550)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3Mexico (Aguascalientes) Gopherus auffenbergi, Gopherus pargensis (20283)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Kansas) Gopherus sp. (20166 20167)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (California) Xerobates agassizi (20327)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) Gopherus sp. (20318)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (20398 20440 20491 195112 195113)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012Mexico (Tamaulipas) Gopherus donlaloi (74498)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (20638 34269 154805 195110 195111)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (high glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (New Mexico) Gopherus agassizi (76059)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Mississippi) Gopherus polyphemus (164396)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Gopherus polyphemus (20604)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (20594 20650)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (New Mexico) Gopherus agassizi (99599 99600)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Gopherus hexagonatus (196664 196665 196666 196667)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Nevada) Gopherus agassizi (99602)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Testudo sp. (93527)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (154722)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Gopherus agassizi (99601)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Florida) Gopherus polyphemus (100344 100346 100347 122303)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Georgia) Gopherus polyphemus (100349)