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Ichthyornis

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Ichthyornis Marsh p. 344
1872Colonosaurus Marsh p. 406
1873Ichthyornis Marsh p. 74
1875Ichthyornis Marsh
1880Ichthyornis Marsh p. 187
1890Ichthyornis Zittel p. 834
1902Ichthyornis Hay p. 519
1933Ichthyornis Lambrecht p. 581
1952Colonosaurus Gregory
1960Ichthyornis Wetmore p. 23
1962Plegadornis Wetmore p. 1 figs. Fig. 1
1972Angelinornis Kashin
1981Plegadornis Thurmond and Jones p. 164
1986Ichthyornis Bakker p. 460
1986Ichthyornis Gauthier p. 13
1988Ichthyornis Carroll
1991Ichthyornis Chatterjee p. 328
1992Ichthyornis Parris and Echols
1994Ichthyornis Chiappe and Calvo p. 239 fig. 1
1997Ichthyornis Tokaryk et al. p. 175
2001Ichthyornis Norell and Clarke p. 183
2002Ichthyornis Chiappe p. 451 fig. 20.1
2002Ichthyornis Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Ichthyornis Clarke p. 20
2004Ichthyornis Padian p. 214
2008Ichthyornis Cau and Arduini
2012Ichthyornis Naish et al.
2013Ichthyornis Kurochkin et al.
2013Ichthyornis O'Connor and Zelenkov
2013Ichthyornis Zhou et al.
2014Ichthyornis O'Connor et al.
2014Ichthyornis Wang et al.
2014Ichthyornis Wang et al.
2015Ichthyornis Wang and Liu

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
RankNameAuthor
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
genusIchthyornis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. Chatterjee 1991Apomorphous feature of Ichthyornis
(28) Pterygoid condyle of quadrate highly pronounced.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: volantg
Diet: piscivoreg
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-05 17:24:04
Modified: 2009-01-05 19:24:04
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Gudger 1944, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Middle Cenomanian to the top of the Campanian or 99.60000 to 72.10000 Ma

Collections (14 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) I. sp. (22731) I. sp. B, I. sp. (52997)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Canada (Alberta) I. sp. (125729)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (New Mexico) I. sp. (84547)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) I. minusculus (58168)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6USA (Kansas) I. dispar, Colonosaurus mudgei (85276)
Early/Lower Coniacian89.3 - 85.8USA (Texas) I. dispar (34755)
Early/Lower Coniacian - Early/Lower Campanian89.3 - 70.6USA (Kansas) I. dispar (13301)
Late/Upper Coniacian - Early/Lower Campanian89.3 - 70.6Mexico (Coahuila) I. dispar (160666)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) Plegadornis antecessor (81932)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (California) I. sp. (94632)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Alabama) I. sp. (82635)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) I. antecessor (34756 34757)