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Mosasaurus

Reptilia - Squamata - Mosasauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1822Mosasaurus Parkinson p. 306
1826Mosasaurus Fitzinger p. 21
1839Batrachiosaurus Harlan p. 24
1842Mosasaurus Owen p. 144
1845Mosasaurus Meyer p. 283
1849Macrosaurus Owen p. 382
1849Mosasaurus d'Orbigny p. 208
1851Amphorosteus Gibbes p. 10
1851Mosasaurus Owen p. 29
1852Mosasaurus Gervais p. 261
1853Macrosaurus Gervais p. 472
1861Drepanodon Leidy
1861Lesticodus Leidy p. 10
1861Mosasaurus Owen p. 311
1865Baseodon Leidy p. 69
1868Nectoportheus Cope p. 181
1869Macrosaurus Cope p. 260
1869Mosasaurus Cope p. 260
1873Mosasaurus Leidy p. 343
1882Pterycollosaurus Dollo p. 61
1902Mosasaurus Hay p. 464
1902Macrosaurus Hay p. 471
1954Macrosaurus McDowell and Bogert p. 132
1954Mosasaurus McDowell and Bogert p. 132
1954Nectoportheus McDowell and Bogert p. 132
1964Mosasaurus Antunes p. 165
1966Mosasaurus Baird and Case p. 1213
1967Macrosaurus Miller p. 229
1967Mosasaurus Russell p. 131
1969Mosasaurus Thurmond p. 70
1981Mosasaurus Thurmond and Jones p. 158
1988Mosasaurus Carroll
1992Mosasaurus Kiernan p. 137
1995Mosasaurus Lingham-Soliar
2002Mosasaurus Dortangs et al.
2002Mosasaurus Novas et al.
2002Amphorosteus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Mosasaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Mosasaurus Bardet et al.
2005Mosasaurus Bell and Polcyn p. 189
2012Mosasaurus LeBlanc et al.
2012Mosasaurus Mateus et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
RankNameAuthor
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
Episquamata
ToxicoferaVidal and Hedges 2005
superfamilyMosasauria
familyMosasauridae
subfamilyMosasaurinaeGervais 1853
tribePlotosaurini
genusMosasaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
E. D. Cope 1869The dorsal vertebrae more or less depressed; the articular faces transversely ovate; pterygoid teeth in alveoli.
E. D. Cope 1869 (Macrosaurus)The dorsal vertebrae compressed, the body elongate.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: well-developedf
Reproduction: ovoviviparousf
Created: 2018-01-05 16:32:54
Modified: 2018-01-05 16:32:54
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Gervais 1852, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Cenomanian to the top of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian or 99.60000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (86 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (South Carolina) M. sp. (107399)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8United Kingdom (England) M. sp. (92426) M. sp., M. gracilis (92427)
Cenomanian - Maastrichtian100.5 - 66.0United Kingdom (England) M. gracilis (137419)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) M. maximus (127082) M. sp. (123917)
Late/Upper Cenomanian - Late/Upper Maastrichtian99.6 - 66.0Italy M. hoffmanni (156035)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3Angola (Bengo) M. iembeensis (60168)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) M. sp. (175261)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Mississippi) M. sp. (107505)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Belgium (Namur) M. lonzeensis (51518)
Piripauan - Haumurian85.8 - 66.0New Zealand Mosasauridae indet. (27887)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Spain (Alava) M. lemonnieri (141927)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden M. sp. (102885)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (South Dakota) M. missouriensis (107711 107779)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Nebraska) M. sp. (107400)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Macrosaurus impar (106277)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0New Zealand (South Island) Leiodon haumuriensis (101382)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) M. sp. (88610)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) M. missouriensis (107718)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France M. camperi (59676)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) M. missouriensis (119088)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Belgium (Liege) M. sp. (32147)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Mississippi) M. sp. (107506)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) M. sp. (32181)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Saskatchewan) M. conodon (23368)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) M. maximus (107508)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Italy M. sp. (155565)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Volgograd) M. sp. (59385)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Dakota) M. horridus (107780) M. missouriensis (107704)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Poland M. hoffmanni (116896)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Tennessee) M. maximus (7515)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) M. missouriensis (106184)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Syria M. beaugei, M. lemonnieri (117863) M. lemonnieri (117849 117850 117852 117853 117854 117855)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Clidastes conodon (155702) M. dekayi (52504)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) M. conodon (99138) M. dekayi (127108) M. maximus (81999) M. sp. (57915) M. sp., M. maximus (57916)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Niger (Tahoua) M. hoffmani (104945)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Zaire M. sp. (142144)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) M. conodon, M. maximus (27563) M. maximus (27562) M. maximus, M. dekayi (27564) M. sp., M. maximus (83331)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Japan (Osaka) M. sp. (119018)
Maastrichtian - Late/Upper Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Angola (Namibe) M. hoffmanni (140321)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) M. conodon, M. dekayi (78124) M. dekayi (167771) M. maximus (189419) M. sp., M. maximus (26818)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Italy M. hoffmanni (156037)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Denmark M. hoffmanni (140266)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium M. lemonnieri (82892)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Volgograd) M. sp. (38075)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Japan M. hobetsuensis (194132)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Japan (Osaka) M. sp. B (119017)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian - Late/Upper Cretaceous70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) M. sp. (32159)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) M. hoffmanni (67133 138726)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Denmark M. sp. (140268 140269)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Jordan M. hoffmanni (170239)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Bulgaria (Pleven) M. hoffmanni (105085)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) M. oarthrus, M. dekayi (48570) M. princeps, M. meirsii (88034) Nectoportheus validus (167780)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Poland M. anceps, M. hoffmanni, M. lemonnieri (27818) M. hoffmanni (28445)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Morocco M. anceps, M. sp., M. beaugei (123268) M. beaugei (99159)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Turkey (Devrekani) M. hoffmanni (96602)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Missouri) M. hoffmanni (97842)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Limburg) M. hoffmanni (51521)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) M. hoffmanni (194136)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) M. sp., M. maximus (26819)