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Toxochelys

Reptilia - Testudines

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Cynocercus Cope
1872Cynocercus incisus Cope
1873Toxochelys Cope
1873Cynocercus incisus Leidy p. 269
1873Cynocercus Leidy p. 343
1902Cynocercus Hay p. 442
1902Cynocercus incisus Hay p. 442
1902Toxochelys Hay p. 442
1905Toxochelys Hay p. 177
1905Cynocercus Hay p. 182
1905Cynocercus incisivus Hay p. 182
1908Toxochelys Hay pp. 163-164
1908Cynocercus Hay p. 176
1953Toxochelys Zangerl p. 173
1953Cynocercus Zangerl p. 260
1953Cynocercus incisivus Zangerl p. 260
1981Toxochelys Thurmond and Jones p. 128
1988Toxochelys Carroll
1988Toxochelys Nicholls p. 185
1988Toxochelys Weems p. 141 figs. Table 2
1995Toxochelys Hirayama p. 282
2002Cynocercus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Toxochelys Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Toxochelys Joyce et al.
2007Toxochelys Joyce
2008Toxochelys Danilov and Parham
2009Toxochelys Anquetin et al.
2009Toxochelys Brinkman et al.
2014Toxochelys de Lapparent de Broin et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
RankNameAuthor
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
suborderCryptodira
Durocryptodira
genusToxochelys

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. P. Hay 1908Skull longer than broad. No nasal bones. Carapace with large lateral fontanels. None of the peripherals in contact with the disk of the carapace. Midline with prominent carma rising at intervals into tubercles, some of which are distinct bones. Tail with a series ot comprest tubercles above. Plastron with median and lateral fontanels.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatersubo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: aquaticsubo
Diet: omnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparoussubo
Created: 2005-08-26 14:49:00
Modified: 2005-08-26 16:49:00
Source: subo = suborder, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Uetz 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Santonian to the top of the Miocene or 85.80000 to 5.33300 Ma

Collections (32 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (Kansas) T. brachyrhinus (203738)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6USA (Kansas) Ctenochelys procax (82002) Cynocercus incisus (85294) T. latiremis (81970)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Alabama) T. moorevillensis (81927 81971)
Santonian - Maastrichtian86.3 - 66.0USA (Alabama) T. moorevillensis (81972)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Kansas) T. elkader (203741) T. latiremis (25071)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) T. moorevillensis (81930 81931 81932 81933 81934 81935)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (South Dakota) Porthochelys browni (203739)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Manitoba) T. browni (36746)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Alabama) T. moorevillensis (82635)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Alabama) T. latiremis (191172)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Manitoba) T. latiremis (23307 23321 23323 23337)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) T. sp. (46566)
Early/Lower Campanian - Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Dakota) T. browni (107676)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Tennessee) T. weeksi (7515)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) T. sp. (79363)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Arkansas) Phyllemys barberi (81996)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) T. sp. (180790)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Angola (Namibe) T. sp. (106705)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nebraska) T. latiremis (18282) T. serrifer (196802)