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Perciformes (perch-like fish)

Actinopteri - Perciformes

Subtaxa
Acanthonotus, Acanthuroidei, Acentrogobius, Alectis, Alepes, Aluvarus, Ammodytoidei, Amphiperca, Anarhichas, Anarrhichthys, Aphia, Apogonoides, Apolectus, Apsilus, Aramichthys, Ariomma, Avitolabrax, Avitoluvarus, Bairdiella, Beaumontoperca, Bembrops, Bilinia, Blabe, Blennius, Boops, Brama, Branchiostegidae, Brotulidae, Burtinia, Calamus, Callionymus, Callyodon, Carangodidae, Chaeturichthys, Chanda, Chandidae, Clinus, Cockerellites, Coryphopterus, Cottioidei, Cottopsis, Crenidens, Crenidens, Cristigerina, Ctenodentex, Ctenosciaena, Cubiceps, Dapaloides, Diaphyodus, Dipterichthys, Ductoridae, Emmelichthys, Eocottidae, Eoluvarus, Eoserranus, Eothyrsites, Epinnula, Exallias, Exelliidae, Gazza, Gempylus, Gerres, Glaucosoma, Gobioidei, Haliophis, Hemerocoetes, Hypacanthus, Hyperoglyphe, Hyperoplus, Hyperprosopon, Isacia, Kuhlia, Kushlukiidae, Kyphosus, Labrisomus, Labroidea, Labroidei, Lactariidae, Landanichthys, Latidae, Leptoscopus, Libotonius, Lithognathus, Lonchistium, Luvarus, Lycodopsis, Lyconectes, Maccullochella, Matarchia, Menticirrhus, Mugiloidei, Neanthias, Nebris, Neoscombrops, Notothenioidei, Oblada, Odonteobolca (syn. Odonteus), Opisthomyzon, Ostracoberyx, Palaeoperca, Paracalamus, Parapercis, Paraplatax, Parapristipoma, Parapygaeus, Pararhenanoperca, Parasphyraena, Pasaichthys, Pempheris, Pennahia, Pentacerotidae, Pentanemus, Pentaprion, Percalates, Percoidei, Percoideorum, Percophidae, Phanerodon, Phosphichthys, Pirskenius, Plagioholocentrus, Platycephalidae, Platylates, Plectorhinchus, Polydactylus, Priacanthopsis, Propercarinidae, Propygidium, Proserranus, Psenes, Pseudoscarus, Pseudoscopelus, Quasicichla, Quasimullidae, Repropcidae, Rexea, Rhenanoperca, Robertanniidae, Scomberoides, Scombrops, Scombrosphyraena, Scorpaenoidei, Selar, Serranoidei, Sillaginodes, Sillago, Sparidae, Sphenocephalus, Sphyraenoidei, Sphyraenops, Stromateoidei, Stromateus, Synagrops, Tetrapterus, Thyrsitocephalus, Trachinidae, Trachinoidei, Trichiuroidei, Tripterygion, Tungtingichthys, Verilus, Wangia, Xiphioidei, Zoarces, Zoarcoidei

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1953Perciformes Stirton p. 613
1964Perciformes Estes p. 51
1981Perciformes Thurmond and Jones p. 101
1989Perciformes Shoshani et al. p. 436
1990Perciformes Nolf and Dockery III p. 10
1993Perchiformes Cvancara and Hoganson p. 15
1998Perciformes Fierstine p. 34
1999Perciformes Fierstine p. 71
1999Perciformes Weems p. 61
2001Perciformes Fierstine p. 28
2001Perciformes Purdy et al. p. 168
2002Perciformes Day p. 335
2002Perciformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Perciformes Carnevale et al.
2004Perciformes Murray and Attia
2005Perciformes Fierstine
2005Perciformes Fierstine and Starnes p. 281
2005Perciformes Friedman and Johnson p. 771
2006Perciformes Malabarba et al.
2006Perciformes Nelson
2009Perciformes Bannikov and Carnevale p. 482
2010Perciformes Böhme p. 10
2011Perciformes Carnevale et al.
2011Perciformes Long p. 244
2012Perciformes Fierstine et al. p. 113
2012Perciformes Gottfried et al.
2013Perciformes Betancur-R. et al.
2014Perciformes Bannikov p. 27
2018Perciformes Carnevale and Godfrey p. 175

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
RankNameAuthor
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Acanthomorphata(Rosen 1973)
Euacanthomorphacea
Percomorphaceae
Percomorpharia
orderPerciformes
orderPerciformes

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:38:14
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:38:14
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian to the top of the Holocene or 70.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 66.0 Ma

Collections (335 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Argentina (Río Negro) Percoidei indet. (45087)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Argentina (Mendoza) Percoidei indet. (185024)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Dapalis sp., Serranidae indet. (122240) Percoideorum ellipticus, Percoideorum rangapurensis, Percoideorum sp. 1, Percoideorum sp. 2 (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Bolivia (Cochabamba) Latidae new genus (12855)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Eoserranus sp. (60397)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Perciformes indet. (14534)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Brazil (Minas Gerais) Perciformes indet. (83250)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Perciformes indet. (14766)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Denmark Scorpaena corallophilus (34629)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Saudi Arabia (Makkah) Palaeopercichthys arabis (140975)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2USA (Alabama) Serranidae indet. (87817)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Turkmenistan Avitoluvarus dianae, Luvarus necopinatus, Serranus celebratus, Exellia proxima, Eolamprogrammus senectus, Kushlukia permira (186444)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8France (Oise) Diaphyodus sp. (166598)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Peru (Puno) Latidae indet. (28230)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy (Verona) Perciformes indet., Trichiuroidei indet., Propercarinidae indet. (190957)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Percoidei indet. (68174)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Hendrixella grandei, Callipteryx speciosus, Callipteryx recticaudus, Pygaeus nuchalis, Gobius microcephalus, Pygaeus nobilis, Eolates gracilis, Ductor vestenae, Exellia velifer, Quasimullus sorbinii, Carangodes bicornis, Eocottus veronensis, Bassanichthys pesciaraensis, Robertannia sorbiniorum, Veronabrax schizurus, Voltamulloides ceratorum, Parapelates quindecimalis, Jimtylerius temnopterus, Pavarottia lonardonii, Montepostalia annamariae, Blotichthys coleanus, Pygaeus bolcanus, Malacopygaeus oblongus, Gillidia antiqua, Bradyurus szajnochae, Frigoichthys margaritae, Squamibolcoides minciottii, Frippia labroiformis, Tortonesia esilis, Sorbinia caudopunctata, Sorbiniperca scheuchzeri, Sorbinicapros sorbiniorum, Zorzinichthys annae, Acanthonemus subaureus, Massalongius gazolai, Blochius longirostris, Blochius macropterus, Quasicichla mucistonaver, Parapygaeus polyacanthus, Labrus valenciennesi (94830)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica (Seymour Island) Cepola anderssoni (176085)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Plesioserranus wemmeliensis, Serranopsis londinensis, Percostoma angustum (13299)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica Percoidei indet. (100414)