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Cylindracanthus

Actinopteri - Alepisauriformes - Dercetidae

Taxonomy
Cylindracanthus was named by Leidy (1856) [Sepkoski's age data: K Ceno-u T Eo-u Sepkoski's reference number: 915]. It is not extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Coelorhynchus by Hay (1902).

It was assigned to Xiphiidae by Bohm (1926), Leriche (1942) and Arambourg and Joleaud (1943); to Blochiidae by White (1926), Casier (1966), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Schultz (1987) and Udovichenko and Nessov (1987); to Dercetidae by Weems (1999); and to Acanthomorpha by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1856Cylindracanthus Leidy
1926Cylindracanthus Bohm p. 83
1926Cylindracanthus White p. 67
1942Cylindracanthus Leriche p. 39
1943Cylindracanthus Arambourg and Joleaud p. 52
1966Cylindracanthus Casier p. 172
1981Cylindracanthus Thurmond and Jones p. 106
1987Cylindracanthus Schultz p. 110
1987Cylindracanthus Udovichenko and Nessov p. 173
1999Cylindracanthus Weems p. 61
2002Cylindracanthus Sepkoski, Jr.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
RankNameAuthor
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
orderAlepisauriformesRegan 1911
suborderIchthyotringoideiGoody 1969
familyDercetidaeCope
genusCylindracanthusLeidy 1856

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:47:42
Modified: 2009-07-20 22:47:42
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Middle Cenomanian to the top of the Priabonian or 99.60000 to 33.90000 Ma

Collections (45 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Niger (Zinder) C. bisulcatus (75235 75259)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Spain (Asturias) C. sp. (98396)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) C. ornatus (57918)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) C. sp. (83331)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) C. ornatus (57916)
Maastrichtian - Paleocene72.1 - 56.0USA (Arkansas) C. ornatus (145187)
Tertiary66.0 - 2.588USA (New Jersey) C. rectus (84019)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) C. rectus (13299)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Virginia) C. rectus (84057)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) C. rectus (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Mali C. sp. (114961)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Maryland ) C. rectus (124192)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Uzbekistan C. sp. (45702)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (New Jersey) C. rectus (81778)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (California) C. sp. (200654)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Togo C. sp. (32991)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) C. rectus (41888 41989 41992 41994 41996 41998)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Georgia) C. rectus (4868)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria C. rectus (60711) C. rectus, C. gigas (77257 187560)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) C. rectus (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Senegal C. sp. (133429)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) C. sp. (16542)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Western Sahara C. sp. (175734)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) C. acus (16848)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Mississippi) C. rectus (61249)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Louisiana) C. rectus (3534)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (North Carolina) C. rectus (5387)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Nigeria C. rectus (32905)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (New Jersey) C. rectus, Coelorhynchus acus (84022)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0United Kingdom (England) C. rectus (42636)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Italy Coelorhynchus rectus (65036)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) C. rectus (55251 75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Alabama) C. rectus (28983)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Mississippi) C. rectus (45630)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Namibia (Sperrgebiet) C. rectus (149316)
Late/Upper Eocene - Middle Eocene37.2 - 37.2USA (North Carolina) Cylindracanthus indet. (151381)