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Actinopteri - Salmoniformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1859Salmoniformes Bleeker
1981Salmoniformes Thurmond and Jones p. 99
1987Salmoniformes Kumar and Loyal p. 75
1988Salmoniformes Case and Schwimmer p. 299
1990Salmoniformes Nolf and Dockery III p. 6
2001Salmoniformes Peng et al. p. 16
2002Salmoniformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Salmoniformes Nelson
2011Salmoniformes Long p. 243
2012Salmoniformes Fierstine et al. p. 42
2013Salmoniformes Betancur-R. et al.

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
orderSalmoniformesBleeker 1859
orderSalmoniformesBleeker 1859

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:40:35
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:40:35
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 125.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (181 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0USA (Texas) Enchodus sp. (14408)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mexico (Chiapas) Enchodontidae indet. (68835) Enchodus sp. (192074)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Equatorial Guinea Enchodus sp. (129869)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Enchodus sp. (27613)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Mexico (Hidalgo) Enchodus zipapanensis (135815)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Brazil Enchodus longipectoralis (195791)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5USA (Utah) Enchodus sp. (22679)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Venezuela (Trujillo) Enchodontidae indet. (176561)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Enchodus mecoanalis, Eurypholis boissieri (124426)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Libya (Awbari) Enchodontidae indet. (45725)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Brazil (Maranhão) Enchodontidae indet. (67225)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8USA (Utah) Enchodontidae indet. (200123)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Niger (Zinder) Enchodus lamberti (75235 75236 75243 75255 75256 75258)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Paraiba) Cimolichthys sp. (134949)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Matsuyama) Eurypholis japonicus (161436)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Fukushima) Enchodus sp. (72267)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Brazil (Pernambuco) Enchodus subaequilateralis (167994)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Egypt (Matruh) Enchodus sp. A, Enchodus sp. B (84550)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Palestinian Territory Parenchodus longipterygius, Enchodus brevis (11804)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Navoi) Eurypholis sp., Enchodontidae indet. (58208)