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Elopiformes

Actinopteri - Elopiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Elopiformes Sauvage
1981Elopiformes Thurmond and Jones p. 88
1988Elopiformes Case and Schwimmer p. 299
1992Elopiformes Fielitz and Bardack
1993Elopiformes Cvancara and Hoganson p. 13
1999Elopiformes Weems p. 56
2001Elopiformes Peng et al. p. 15
2001Elopiformes Purdy et al. p. 162
2002Elopiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Elopiformes Forey et al. p. 228
2006Elopiformes Nelson
2011Elopiformes Long p. 242
2012Elopiformes Fierstine et al. p. 12
2013Elopiformes Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
RankNameAuthor
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Elopocephalai
Elopocephala
Elopomorpha()
orderElopiformesSauvage 1875
orderElopiformesSauvage 1875

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:12:52
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:12:52
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Kimmeridgian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 155.70000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 150.8 Ma

Collections (185 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Eastern Barvaria) Anaethalion cirinensis (187436)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Bavaria) Anaethalion sp. (150583)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Bayern) Anaethalion zapporum, Elopsomolos sp. (59175)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Anaethalion angustus, Anaethalion cirinensis (154138)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Elopidae indet. (35262)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Brazil (Pernambuco) Notelops brama, Rhacolepis buccalis (193049 193054) Notelops brama, Rhacolepis buccalis, Paraelops cearenses (193050) Rhacolepis buccalis (193052 193053) Rhacolepis buccalis, Paraelops cearenses (193051)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4United Kingdom Elops neocomiensis (66421)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain Ichthyemidion vivaldi (123437)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Cuenca) Elopoidei indet. (61889)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46Belgium (Sauerland) Anaethalion robustus (22645)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Russian Federation (Nerchinsk) Pholidophorus macrorhynchus (142140)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Brazil (Ceara) Paraelops cearensis (142447)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Brazil (Pernacumbo) Notelops brama, Paraelops cearenses, Racholepis sp. (165422)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Mexico (Puebla) Notelops sp., Megalops sp. (80283)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Canada (Alberta) Osmeroides transversus (22733)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Italy (Campania) Anaethalion sp. (112631)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Ctenodentelops striatus (124426)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Colorado) Elopopsis sp. (132505)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Elopopsis sp. (22731 52997)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Spain (Asturias) Paralbula casei (98396)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Morocco (Meknès - Tafilalt) Osmeroides rheris (51686)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Osmeroides sp. (90517)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (Alberta) Ostariostoma sp. (14425 14428)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) Palelops eutawensis (81932 82047 82049)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Egertonia sp., Phyllodus sp. (106277)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Alberta) Paralbula casei (192049) Paralbula casei, Phyllodontinae indet. (45819 45821 45894)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Paralbula casei (35289 70720)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mexico (Chihuahua) Phyllodontidae indet. (35353)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0New Zealand (South Island) Thrissopater sp. (101382)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) Phyllodus sp. (57918)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Elopidae indet. (14421)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) Paralbula casei (14455)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Phyllodontidae indet. (14489)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Paralbula casei (36449 36541 36542) Paralbula sp. (14472) Pseudoegertonia sp., Paralbula casei (52052)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) Paralbula casei (79363)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Phyllodontidae indet. (68001 68002 68003)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Elopidae indet. (119088) Paralbula casei (22640 22695 22696 22697 22698 34303 34305 34309 34310 34311 34312 34313 34315 34319 34320 34322 45238 45260 45261 45262 45264 47784 47793 47807 47811 47812 47814 47816) Paralbula casei, Paratarpon apogerontus (34302 34321) Paralbula casei, Phyllodontinae indet. (45674 45893) Paralbula sp. (98674 98677) Phyllodontinae indet. (45671 45897 45898)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Paralbula sp., Paralbula casei (27570)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Spain (Castilla y Leon) Phyllodontidae indet. (28406)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Arizona) Elopidae indet. (24915 32301)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Paralbula casei (45240 45566 47794 47795 47809) Paralbula casei, Phyllodontinae indet. (45560 45561 45564 45565 45567 45670 45820)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Saskatchewan) Paralbula sp. (14494)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) Paralbula sp. (14437 14446 14462 14490)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Syria Phyllodontidae indet. (117853 117854 117855)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Paralbula casei, Elopidae indet. (13142)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Egertonia sp., Paralbula casei (83331)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Jordan Pseudoegertonia sp. (13366)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Paralbula casei (57916 192048)
Maastrichtian - Paleocene72.1 - 56.0USA (Arkansas) Pseudoegertonia granulosus, Paralbula casei (145187)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Elopiformes indet. (135741)
Edmontonian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Paralbula casei (14502)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Elopidae indet. (14537)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Elopiformes indet. (14639)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Elopidae indet. (14505 14519 14538 14566) Paralbula casei (75284) Phyllodus toliapicus (75280)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Phyllodus paulkatoi (192047)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Elopidae indet. (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Spain (Valencia) Phyllodontidae indet. (47035)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Haute-Garonne) Phyllodontidae indet. (48865 118194 148954) Phyllodontidae indet., Phyllodontinae indet. (172588)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Paralbula casei (26819)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Phyllodus toliapicus (14766)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Virginia) Phyllodus toliapicus (60908)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (Sussex) Paralbula casei (13298)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Elops sp., Phyllodus toliapicus, Egertonia isodonta, Megalops priscus, Megalops oblongus, Esocelops cavifrons, Promegalops signeuxae, Promegalops sheppeyensis (13299)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Texas) Paralbula sp. (84337)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Virginia) Phyllodus toliapicus (84055)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Alabama) Phyllodus sp. (83332)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Phyllodus toliapicus, Egertonia isodonta, Megalopidae indet., Paralbula marylandica (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Mississippi) Phyllodus toliapicus, Egertonia isodonta (164192)
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2United Kingdom (England) Egertonia sp. (3256 3257 3258)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) Egertonia sp., Egertonia isodonta (13346)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3France Elops miiformis (188958 188961) Elops miriformis (188960)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Egertonia sp. (41989 41994 41996 41998) Egertonia sp., Phyllodus sp. (41992)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Megalopidae indet., Paralbula marylandica (16542)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (New Jersey) Phyllodus toliapicus, Phyllodus elegans (84022)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Alabama) Phyllodus sp. (16848)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Kazakhstan Lyrolepis caucasica (113118)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Phyllodus sp. (45640)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Georgia Lyrolepis caucasica (186469)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Elopidae indet. (68021)
Rupelian - Chattian33.9 - 23.03Turkey (Erzurum) Echinelops ozcan (190955)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (Victoria) Megalops lissa (48647)
Aquitanian - Langhian23.03 - 13.82USA (North Carolina) Megalops atlanticus (48887)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Phyllodus curvidens (18587)
Altonian19.0 - 15.9New Zealand Elops miocaenicus (67900)
Altonian19.0 - 15.9New Zealand (Southland) Elops miocaenicus (85538)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Megalops atlanticus (187324) Megalops sp. (57700)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Phyllodus sp. (18613)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Iran Spaniodon opisthodon, Spaniodon squamigera (77215)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Virginia) Megalops atlanticus (126605)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Florida) Megalops atlantica (18554)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333USA (Virginia) Megalops atlanticus (179732)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Ectasis proriger (120822)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Megalops atlanticus (20400)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Elops saurus (20604)