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Osteoglossiformes

Actinopteri - Osteoglossiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1940Osteoglossiformes Berg
1981Osteoglossiformes Thurmond and Jones p. 96
1997Osteoglossiformes Guo-Qing and Grande
1999Osteoglossiformes Weems p. 56
2000Osteoglossiformes Newbrey and Bozek p. 13
2002Osteoglossiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Osteoglossiformes Nelson
2011Osteoglossiformes Long p. 242
2013Osteoglossiformes Betancur-R. et al.
2014Osteoglossiformes Bannikov p. 25

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
RankNameAuthor
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
Osteoglossocephala
superorderOsteoglossomorpha
orderOsteoglossiformesBerg 1940
orderOsteoglossiformesBerg 1940

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwatero
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:33:46
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:33:30
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bathonian to the top of the Holocene or 168.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 166.1 Ma

Collections (112 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Figuig) Osteoglossiformes indet. (176120)
Tithonian - Berriasian152.1 - 139.8Morocco (Figuig) Osteoglossiformes indet. (204918 204936)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Morocco (Figuig) Osteoglossiformes indet. (45726)
Neocomian145.0 - 130.0South Korea (Kyongsangnam-do) Wakinoichthys aokii (144935)
Neocomian145.0 - 130.0Japan (Fukuoka) Aokiichthys sp., Aokiichthys toriyamai, Aokiichthys changae, Aokiichthys otai, Aokiichthys uyenoi, Aokiichthys praedorsalis (145243) Wakinoichthys aokii (145246) Wakinoichthys aokii, Wakinoichthys robustus (145244) Yungkangichthys macrodon, Wakinoichthys aokii (145245)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0China (NingXia) Tongxinichthys microdus (119465)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0China Xixiaichthys tongxiensis (117997)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Japan (Ishikawa) Osteoglossidae indet. (32324)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0China (Liaoning) Changichthys dalinghensis (126448)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (Alberta) Wilsonichthys sp. (14425 14426 14428 190344 190345)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1France (Languedoc-Roussillon) Osteoglossidae indet. (74660)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Sudan (Ash Shamaliyah) Osteoglossidae indet. (38682)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Brazil (São Paulo) Osteoglossidae indet. (57000)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Notopterus nolfi (122240) Phareodus sp. (58100) Phareodus sp., Osteoglossidarum intertrappus, Osteoglossidae indet., Notopteridae indet. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mali Brychaetus sp. (114954)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Osteoglossidae indet. (75493)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Bolivia (Cochabamba) Heterotidinae indet. (12855)
Maastrichtian - Paleocene72.1 - 56.0Bolivia Brychaetus sp. (123343)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Wilsonichthys sp. (14549 144502)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Wilsonichthys aridinsulensis (190346)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Spain (Valencia) Osteoglossidae indet. (47035)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Bolivia (Mizque) Phareodus sp. (13501)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Mexico (Chiapas) Phareodus sp. (190739)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Greenland Osteoglossidae indet. (206772)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0India (Rajasthan) Taverneichthys bikanericus (192265)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Canada (Alberta) Joffrichthys sp. (24926)
Paleocene - Eocene66.0 - 33.9Mali Brychaetus sp. (202361)
Tiffanian - Paleocene61.7 - 56.0Canada (Alberta) Lopadichthys sp. (22732)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark Genartina hauniensis (159792 159793)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Canada (Alberta) Lopadichthys colwellae (191920)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6India Osteoglossidae indet. (91316)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Foreyichthys bolcensis, Thrissopterus catullii, Monopteros gigas (94830)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Osteoglossiformes indet. (71438)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Phareodus encaustus (134736) Phareodus testis (134737)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Texas) Genartina texana (84145)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Phareodus sp. (74615 74617)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Brychaetus muelleri (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Mississippi) Brychaetus muelleri (164192)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Mali Brychaetus sp. (114961)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Maryland ) Brychaetus muelleri (124192)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Phareodus sp. (182921)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Alabama) Genartina texana (84149)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Texas) Genartina texana (84143 84144 84147)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Libya (Sirt) Gymnarchus sp. (175361 175362 187328)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan (North-West Frontier) Osteoglossidae indet. (28978)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Brychaetus sp. (41888)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan Osteoglossidae indet. (125084)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Tanzania Singida jacksonoides (31499)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Brychaetus sp. (75638)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Oman (Dhofar) Osteoglossidae indet. (175334) Osteoglossiformes indet. (162464)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kenya Mormyridae indet., Osteoglossidae indet. (174672)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Uganda Gymnarchus niloticus (22358 22443)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Uganda Gymnarchus niloticus (22217 22245 22247 22345 22398 22400 22405 22433 22457)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Colombia (Huila) Arapaima gigas (186568)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Brazil (Acre) Osteoglossidae indet. (55602)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Gymnarchus sp., Heterotis sp. (22241)
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Gymnarchus sp., Heterotis sp. (22235 22242)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Gymnarchus sp. (59839)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Kenya Gymnarchus sp., Heterotis sp. (22240)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21510) Gymnarchus sp. (22338)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Gymnarchus sp. (22239)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Uganda Gymnarchus niloticus (22265)
Pliocene - Calabrian5.333 - 0.781Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21498)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Congo-Kinshasa Gymnarchus sp. (22346)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21495)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Gymnarchus sp. (21546)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21425)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Calabrian3.6 - 0.781Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21367 21421)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ethiopia Gymnarchus sp. (21545)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21398 21478 21486 21504 21537) Gymnarchus sp. (21420)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Saudi Arabia Osteoglossiformes indet. (48858)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Gymnarchus sp. (22098)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Kenya Gymnarchus niloticus (21368)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan Mormyridae indet. (21871)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Niger Gymnarchus niloticus, Heterotis niloticus (83304) Mormyridae indet., Heterotis niloticus (83305)