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Xiphactinus

Actinopteri - Ichthyodectiformes - Ichthyodectidae

Taxonomy
Xiphactinus was named by Leidy (1870) [Sepkoski's age data: K Albi K Camp Sepkoski's reference number: 915]. It is not extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Portheus by Hay (1902).

It was assigned to Siluridae by Leidy (1873); to Chirocentridae by Case and Schwimmer (1988); to Pachycormiformes by Sepkoski (2002); and to Ichthyodectidae by Applegate (1970), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Schwimmer et al. (1997), Shimada et al. (2006) and Cavin et al. (2013).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1870Xiphactinus Leidy
1873Xiphactinus Leidy p. 290
1970Xiphactinus Applegate p. 418
1981Xiphactinus Thurmond and Jones p. 97
1988Xiphactinus Case and Schwimmer p. 300
1997Xiphactinus Schwimmer et al. p. 611
2002Xiphactinus Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Xiphactinus Shimada et al. p. 23
2013Xiphactinus Cavin et al. p. 170

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
RankNameAuthor
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteossomorpha
orderIchthyodectiformesBardack and Sprinkle 1969
familyIchthyodectidaeCrook 1892
genusXiphactinusLeidy 1870

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:09:47
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:23:33
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Middle Cenomanian to the top of the Early/Lower Maastrichtian or 99.60000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (35 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Venezuela (Trujillo) X. audax (176561)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Polygonodon vetus (126156)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) X. audax (22731 52997)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Kansas) X. audax (94538)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Colorado) X. audax (35429)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (Kansas) X. audax (102879)
Turonian - Coniacian93.9 - 86.3USA (Texas) X. sp. (107425)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Kansas) X. audax (35365)
Late/Upper Coniacian - Early/Lower Campanian89.3 - 70.6USA (Mississippi) X. audax (164393)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Kansas) X. audax (94652)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Alabama) X. audax (81928)
Santonian - Campanian86.3 - 72.1Canada (Alberta) X. audax (192128)
Santonian - Maastrichtian86.3 - 66.0USA (Alabama) X. audax (81972)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Kansas) Portheus molossus (188488) X. sp. (93220)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) X. audax (81930 81932 81934 82049 82054)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) X. audax (35289 70720)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Polygonodon rectus (106277) Portheus molossus (190555)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Nunavut) X. sp. (36383)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) Polygonodon rectus, X. audax (57918)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) X. audax (14455)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (Wyoming) X. vetus (14478 14479 14487)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) X. sp. (27570)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) X. sp. (32181)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) X. sp. (57916)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) X. sp. (26818)