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Amiiformes (bowfin)

Actinopteri - Amiiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1929Amiiformes Hay
1964Amiiformes Estes p. 29
1981Amiiformes Thurmond and Jones p. 86
1988Amiiformes Case and Schwimmer p. 297
1989Amiiformes Bryant p. 22
1998Amiiformes Grande and Bemis p. 31
1999Amiiformes Cartanyá p. 548
1999Amiiformes Weems p. 55
2001Amiiformes Peng et al. p. 14
2002Amiiformes Pearson et al. p. 154
2002Amiiformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Amiiformes Meyer and Zardoya
2005Amiiformes Kriwet p. 101
2006Amiiformes Nelson
2007Amiiformes Cavin et al.
2011Amiiformes Long p. 242
2013Amiiformes Betancur-R. et al.
2018Amiiformes Carnevale and Godfrey p. 164

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
infraclassHolostei(Müller 1846)
orderAmiiformesHay 1929
orderAmiiformesHay 1929

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Diet 2: piscivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 20:51:40
Modified: 2013-12-06 11:51:31
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Changhsingian to the top of the Holocene or 254.17000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 252.17 Ma

Collections (435 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Jiangxi) Caturus indet. (119495)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) Gymnoichthys inopinatus (97946 146382)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Tarragona) Caturus sp. (109710)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain Caturus sp. (148734 149852)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Guizhou) Guizhouamia bellula (146379) Sinoeugnathus kueichowensis (98691)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Texas) Caturus sp. (39671)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Austria (Tirol) Eugnathus insignis (130602)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Austria Caturus sp. (195673)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom (England) Endactis agassizi, Pachycormus heterurus, Conodus ferox (122154) Pachycormus latipennis, Endactis agassizi, Pachycormus heterurus (122153) Pachycormus latipennis, Pachycormus heterurus, Conodus ferox (122155)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0France Caturus sp. (122733)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0France Caturus stenospondylus, Caturus stenoura, Caturus chaperi, Caturus retrodorsalis (122734)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0United Kingdom (England) Caturus sp. (132646)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1United Kingdom (England) Caturus sp. (130759)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1USA (South Dakota) Amiopsis dartoni (122622)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Midi-Pyrénées) Caturus sp. (61377)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France Caturus sp. (61378)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Caturus sp. (39075)
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France Leedsichthys sp. (174569)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5United Kingdom (England) Caturus porteri (130656) Leedsichthys sp. (149242 149243)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France Leedsichthys sp. (174570)