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Pycnodus

Actinopteri - Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1835Pycnodus Agassiz p. 34ff
1873Pycnodus Leidy p. 349
1878Pycnodus Cope p. 298
1895Pycnodus Woodward p. 275
1902Pycnodus Hay p. 373
1946Pycnodus Rapp p. 511
1966Pycnodus Casier p. 104
1975Pycnodus Sahni and Mishra p. 12
1987Pycnodus Kumar and Loyal p. 68
1996Pycnodus Nursall p. 137
1998Pycnodus Weems p. 149
1999Pycnodus Goodwin et al. p. 732
1999Pycnodus Weems p. 55
2002Pycnodus Sepkoski, Jr.
2014Pycnodus Bannikov p. 25
2014Pycnodus Carnevale et al. p. 41
2016Pycnodus Maisch et al. p. 5
2019Pycnodus Cantalice et al. p. 432
2019Pycnodus Ebersole et al. p. 152

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
RankNameAuthor
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
orderPycnodontiformesBerg 1937
suborderPycnodontoidei
familyPycnodontidae()
genusPycnodus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: durophageo
Diet 2: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:40:08
Modified: 2013-12-06 12:04:31
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Bathonian to the top of the Middle Eocene or 168.30000 to 37.20000 Ma

Collections (64 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom P. sp. (131844)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany (Niedersachsen) P. didymus, P. ovalis, P. nicoleti, P. minutus, P. jugleri, P. granulatus, P. preufsii, P. gigas (67913)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Ethiopia (Shewa) P. sp. (48841)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) P. sp. (144342)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) P. sp. (91990)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9France P. cylindricus (2222)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Switzerland P. cylindricus (2225) P. sp. (2217 2247)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Portugal P. sp. (65680)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Switzerland P. couloni (2198 2256 2259)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Switzerland P. couloni (2197)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0France P. couloni (2195)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Switzerland P. munsteri, P. complanatus (2175 2232)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0France P. couloni, P. munsteri (2186)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Switzerland P. obliquus (2237)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (Arkansas) Pycnodus indet. (52179)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Italy (Campania) P. gigas (112631)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) P. sp. (120457)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Brazil (Sergipe) P. cretaceus (143065)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3Brazil (Sergipe) P. sp. (143152)
Campanian - Paleocene83.6 - 56.0Mali P. jonesae (202360)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) P. lametae (122240) P. sp. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Niger (Tahoua) P. sp. (178660)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mali P. jonesae, P. sp. (114954)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) P. sp. (58102)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) P. sp. (172948)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Mexico (Chiapas) P. sp. (190738 190739)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (South Carolina) P. sp. (152240)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Saudi Arabia (Makkah) P. sp. (140955) P. very large sp. (140972 140975) P. very large sp., P. medium sized sp. (140970 140974)
Paleocene - Eocene66.0 - 33.9Mali P. jonesae (202361) P. sp. (202362)
Middle Paleocene - Late/Upper Paleocene61.7 - 55.8Mali P. jonesae (193687)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Togo (Maritime) P. variabilis (167948)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6India P. sp. (91316)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Himachal Pradesh) P. toliapicus (31267 31269)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) P. sp., P. toliapicus, P. bowerbanki (13299)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Saudi Arabia (Ash Sharqiyah) P. pellei (42459)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Mali (Gao) P. maliensis, P. zeaformis, P. sp. (175262)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy P. apodus (94830)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3USA (Alabama) P. sp. (81179 209524)
Ypresian - Middle Eocene56.0 - 37.2India (Jammu and Kashmir) P. toliapicus (31298)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) P. sp. (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Mississippi) P. bowerbanki (164192)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India (Kutch) P. sp. (45590)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Ukraine P. sp. (211009)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) P. sp. (41888) P. toliapicus (41989 41998)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India (Jammu and Kashmir) P. bicresta (31299)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Alabama) P. sp. (209368 209521)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt P. mokattamensis (198761)