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Actinopteri - Palaeonisciformes

Palaeonisciformes was named by Hay (1902). It is not extant.

It was considered an invalid subgroup of Actinopterygii by Patterson (1982).

It was assigned to Chondrostei by Schaeffer (1967) and Daly (1973); to Chondrostei by Uyeno (1978); to Osteichthyes by Sepkoski (2002); to Actinopterygii by Lombardo (2002); to Actinopterygii by Schaeffer and Dalquest (1978), Bürgin and Furrer (1992) and Heckert (2004); and to Chondrostei by Nelson (2006) and Long (2011).

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1902Palaeonisciformes Hay
1967Palaeonisciformes Schaeffer
1973Palaeonisciformes Daly p. 564
1977Elonichthyiformes Kazantseva-Selezneva
1978Palaeonisciformes Schaeffer and Dalquest p. 8
1978Palaeonisciformes Uyeno p. 193
1992Palaeonisciformes Bürgin and Furrer p. 934
2002Palaeonisciformes Lombardo p. 401
2002Palaeonisciformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Palaeonisciformes Heckert p. 80
2005Elonichthyiformes Prokofiev p. 79
2006Palaeonisciformes Nelson p. 90
2009Elonichthyiformes Minikh and Minikh p. 144
2011Palaeonisciformes Long p. 242

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
subclassChondrostei(Müller 1844)
orderPalaeonisciformesHay 1902
orderPalaeonisciformesHay 1902

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:35:42
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:35:42
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Frasnian to the top of the Aptian or 382.70000 to 113.00000 Ma

Collections (469 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Palaeoniscidae indet. (90343)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Quebec) Cheirolepis canadensis (179176)
Kinderhookian360.7 - 353.8USA (Indiana) Rhadinichthys sp. (6730)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Ireland Acrolepis sp. (76515)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Acrolepis hopkinsi, Chirodus pesranae (132729) Rhadinichthys elegantulus, Rhadinichthys angustulus, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Holurus parki (140941)
Arundian345.0 - 342.8United Kingdom (Scotland) Canobius ramseyi, Paramesolepis tuberculata, Paramesolepis rhombus, Rhadinichthys tuberculatus, Rhadinichthys fusiformis, Rhadinichthys formosus, Rhadinichthys canobiensis, Styracopterus fulcratus, Mesopoma politum, Mesopoma crassum, Mesopoma macrocephallum, Canobius elegantulus, Cycloptychius concentricus, Rhadinichthys macconochii, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Acrolepis ortholepis, Holurus parki, Platysomus superbus, Mesopoma pulchellum (90682)
Holkerian - Asbian342.8 - 336.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Rhadinichthys ornatissimus, Rhadinichthys carinatus, Rhadinichthys brevis (140937)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0USA (Iowa) Palaeoniscoidei indet. (68318)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Cyranorhis bergeraci (116658) Wendyichthys dicksoni (116655 116656 116659 116660 116762 116763) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Cyranorhis bergeraci (90681 116764) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Wendyichthys lautreci, Cyranorhis bergeraci (116654)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (England) Elonichthys sp. (8255 8256 8257) Palaeoniscidae indet. (8424 8443 8444 8453 8454 8456 8612) Rhadinichthys sp., Palaeoniscidae indet. (8428)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Oxfordian - Tithonian163.5 - 145.0Australia (New South Wales) Coccolepis australis (29461)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Palaeoniscidae indet. (45975)
Berriasian - Barremian145.0 - 125.0Russian Federation (Sakha) Palaeoniscidae indet. (32313)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Australia (Victoria) Coccolepis sp., Coccolepis woodwardi (140631)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Palaeonisciformes indet. (53148)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryat) Chondrostei indet. (58196)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46Belgium (Sauerland) Coccolepis macropterus (22645)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Palaeonisciformes indet. (39680)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryat) Palaeonisciformes indet. (58199)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Australia (Victoria) Coccolepis woodwardi (77192)