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Chimaeriformes (chimaera)

Chondrichthyes - Chimaeriformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1953Chimaeriformes Obruchev
1970Chimaeriformes Applegate p. 389
1981Chimaeriformes Duffin p. 470
1981Chimaeriformes Duffin and Furrer p. 810
1981Chimaeriformes Thurmond and Jones p. 77
1993Chimaeriformes Cvancara and Hoganson p. 12
2001Chimaeriformes Purdy et al. p. 161
2002Chimaeriformes Delsate et al. p. 25
2002Chimaeriformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Chimaeriformes Kriwet and Gazdizicki p. 34
2006Chimaeriformes Nelson p. 45
2011Chimaeriformes Long p. 242
2018Chimaeriformes Kent p. 54

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassHolocephali(Bonaparte 1832)
superorderHolocephalomorphaLund 1986
orderChimaeriformesObruchev 1953
orderChimaeriformesObruchev 1953

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:54:26
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:54:26
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Caradoc to the top of the Waipipian or 460.90000 to 3.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 449.5 Ma

Collections (169 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Caradoc460.9 - 449.5USA (Colorado) Dictyorhabdus priscus (10380)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Similihariotta dabasinskasi (132078)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Australia (Western Australia) Crassidonta subcrenulata (90232)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Wyoming) Crassidonta stuckenbergi (128880 149345)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Switzerland (Savognin) Agkistracanthus mitgelensis (138949)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Agkistracanthus mitgelensis (120898) Myriacanthus paradoxus (122365)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (Somerset) Agkistracanthus mitgelensis (141540)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Switzerland Agkistracanthus mitgelensis (138950 138951 138952) Agkistracanthus sp. (138953 138954 138955)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Austria Agkistracanthus sp. (138956)
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3Austria Agkistracanthus sp. (138957 138958)
Hettangian201.3 - 199.3Switzerland Agkistracanthus sp. (138959)
Angulata201.3 - 196.5France (Lorraine) Chimaera johnsonii (53947)
Angulata201.3 - 196.5Luxembourg Halonodon luxembourgensis (138437)
Planorbis201.3 - 196.5Germany Alethodontus bavariensis (139835)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8United Kingdom (England) Myriacanthus paradoxus (139856)
Bucklandi196.5 - 189.6Italy Myriacanthidae indet. (90673)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6United Kingdom (England) Myriacanthus paradoxus (122371) Myriacanthus paradoxus, Myriacanthus granulatus, Ischyodus orthorhinus (122154) Myriacanthus paradoxus, Myriacanthus granulatus, Prognathodus guntheri (122155) Myriacanthus paradoxus, Myriacanthus granulatus, Recurvacanthus uniserialis (122153)
Early/Lower Sinemurian196.5 - 189.6Belgium Myriacanthidae indet. (179493)
Semicostatum196.5 - 189.6Belgium Chimaeropsis foussi (139846) Halonodon warneri (138561) Myriacanthidae indet. (139847 139848 139849 179491 179494)
Early/Lower Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Denmark Myriacanthidae indet., Oblidens bornholmensis (190857)