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Prionace (blue shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae

Prionace was named by Cantor (1849) [Sepkoski's age data: T Plio R Sepkoski's reference number: 884]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Carcharias (Prionace) by Cantor (1849); it was reranked as Carcharhinus (Prionace) by Hay (1902).

It was assigned to Carcharias by Cantor (1849); to Carcharhinus by Hay (1902); to Galeidae by Jordan (1963); to Carcharhiniformes by Sepkoski (2002); and to Carcharhinidae by Compagno (2005).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1841Carcharias (Prionodon) Müller and Henle
1849Carcharias (Prionace) Cantor
1849Prionace Cantor
1902Carcharhinus (Prionace) Hay p. 312
1904Carcharias (Prionodon) Chapman and Pritchard p. 274
1904Carcharias (Prionodon) Eastman p. 84
1924Carcharias (Prionodon) Chapman and Cudmore p. 119
1942Prionodon Leriche p. 80
1963Prionace Jordan p. 599
1963Prionodon Jordan p. 599
2002Prionace Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Prionace Compagno

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
orderCarchariniformes(Compagno 1973)
familyCarcharhinidaeJordan and Evermann 1896

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:53:24
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:53:24
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Chattian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 28.10000 to 0.01170 Ma

Collections (23 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (Victoria) Carcharias incidens (204313)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (North Island) Galeocerdo aculeatus (202916)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) Prionodon egertoni (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (South Island) Galeocerdo aculeatus (202913 202915)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588USA (South Carolina) Prionodon carolinensis (84102)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Australia (Victoria) Carcharias aculeatus (51404)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Carcharias egertoni (57782) Galeocerdo egertoni (55396)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (Victoria) Carcharias javanus (46165)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Prionodon egertoni (71798)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) Prionodon egertoni (18518)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Madagascar Carcharias sp. (51586)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Poland Carcharias sp. (121515)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333South Africa Prionace glauca (22219)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333India (Gujarat) Prionodon sp. (87489)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Spain (Balearic Islands) Carcharias egertoni (162712)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Carcharias aculeata (46167)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Mexico (Baja) Prionace glauca (154117)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Prionace sp. (50068)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Chile Prionace glauca (69731)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Italy Prionace glauca (57058)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Prionace glauca (20646)