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Heterodontus (bullhead shark)

Chondrichthyes - Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1816Heterodontus de Blainville
1817Cestracion Cuvier
1889Cestracion Woodward p. 331
1904Cestracion Chapman and Pritchard p. 270
1912Heterodontus Fedorowski p. 55
1918Cestracion Chapman p. 6
1924Cestracion Chapman and Cudmore p. 110
1926Cestracion Bohm p. 75
1938Cestracion Weiler p. 9
1963Cestracion Jordan p. 595
1963Heterodontus Jordan p. 595
1966Heterodontus Cassier p. 51
1975Heterodontus Herman p. 83
1981Heterodontus Thurmond and Jones p. 42
1983Heterodontus Thies p. 28
1993Heterodontus Biddle p. 201
2002Heterodontus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Heterodontus Underwood
2003Heterodontus Delsate p. 8
2009Heterodontus Kriwet et al. p. 320
2015Heterodontus Case et al. p. 1121
2015Heterodontus Pledge et al. p. 70

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Selachii
superorderGaleomorphi
orderHeterodontiformesBerg 1940
familyHeterodontidaeGray 1851
genusHeterodontusde Blainville 1816

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:18:00
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:18:00
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Fassanian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 242.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (87 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Poland Heterodontus sp. (149685)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Luxembourg Heterodontus sp. (148935)
Bifrons182.0 - 175.6Luxembourg Heterodontus duffini (141382)
Variabilis182.0 - 175.6Luxembourg Heterodontus duffini (141383 141384)
Thouarsense180.1 - 175.6Luxembourg Heterodontus duffini (141386 141389)
Aalenian174.1 - 170.3Germany Heterodontus duffini (137168)
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Basse-Normandie) Cestracion sp. (49334)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Heterodontus falcifer (154138)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0United Kingdom (England) Heterodontus semirugosus (140224)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Heterodontus sp. (92144 92145)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Poland Heterodontus polonicus (63065)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Kazakhstan Heterodontus sp. (175010)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France (Poitou-Charentes) Heterodontus paucicarinatus (77233)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Heterodontus sp. (35289)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden Heterodontus sp. 1 (102885) Heterodontus sp. 1, Heterodontus sp. 2 (102883)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden (Skane) Heterodontus sp. 1, Heterodontus sp. 2 (106411)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Israel Heterodontus sp. (35443)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Sweden (Skåne) Heterodontus sp. 1, Heterodontus sp. 2 (74334)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Sweden Heterodontus sp. 1 (102886)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France Heterodontus rugosus (61351)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) Heterodontus granti (79363)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Saratov) Heterodontus sp. (157353)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6France Heterodontus rugosus (61352 61353)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Heterodontus sp. (83331)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Heterodontus creamridgensis (61807)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Heterodontus granti (61738)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Denmark Cestracion danicus (89866)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (California) Heterodontus sp. (189952)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0France (Oise) Heterodontus sp. (68175)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (South Carolina) Heterodontus sp., Heterodontus sowasheense (203258)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Heterodontus vincenti (185914) Heterodontus wardenensis, Heterodontus sp., Heterodontus vincenti (13299) Heterodontus wardenensis, Heterodontus vincenti (8050)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Virginia) Heterodontus lerichei (15595)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Mississippi) Heterodontus sowasheense (62890)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Uzbekistan Heterodontus vincenti (62573)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (California) Heterodontus sp. (200654)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Heterodontus sp., Heterodontus woodwardi (41996 41998) Heterodontus sp., Heterodontus woodwardi, Heterodontus vincenti (41989 41992 41994) Heterodontus woodwardi, Heterodontus vincenti (41888)
Bortonian - Kaiatan43.0 - 36.0New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Heterodontus sp. (63106)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Oregon) Heterodontus sp. (201281)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Alabama) Heterodontus woodwardi (45637)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Louisiana) Heterodontus pineti (75638)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Australia (South Australia) Heterodontus sp. (205781)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Heterodontus sp. (137550 137551 137579)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Heterodontus sp. (45640)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Namibia (Sperrgebiet) Cestracion vincenti (149316)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Heterodontus pinetti (73434)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Japan (Fukushima) Heterodontus sp. (161439)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Japan (Fukuoka) Heterodontus sp. (161440)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Cestracion elongatus (124377)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Argentina (Chubut) Heterodontus sp. (133690)
Late/Upper Oligocene - Early/Lower Miocene28.4 - 15.97Australia (Victoria) Heterodontus cainozoicus (51395)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (California) Heterodontus sp. (11601)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (Victoria) Cestracion cainozoicus (176296) Heterodontus cainozoicus (48647)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Australia (Tasmania) Cestracion coleridgensis, Heterodontus cainozoicus, Cestracion cainozoicus (28307)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (North Carolina) Heterodontus janefirdae (71660)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) Cestracion cainozoicus (179951)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (South Island) Cestracion coleridgensis, Cestracion novozelandicus (202913)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Cestracion cainozoicus (204307)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (California) Heterodontus francisi (59059)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) Heterodontus cainozoicus, Cestracion longidens (51397)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Argentina (Entre Rios) Heterodontus sp. (55599)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Heterodontus sp. (52184)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama (Colon) Heterodontus sp. (160781)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru Heterodontus sp. (45486)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Argentina (Entre Rios) Heterodontus sp. (140010)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Costa Rica (Limon) Heterodontus uscariensis (162678)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Cestracion novozelandicus, Heterodontus cainozoicus, Cestracion cainozoicus, Cestracion longidens (46167)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Mexico (Baja) Heterodontus sp. (154117)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Cestracion cainozoicus (154112)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Australia (South Australia) Heterodontus cainozoicus (50343)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Heterodontus cainozoicus (51335)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Japan (Okinawa-Jima) Heterodontus sp. (161452)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Heterodontus francisci (190889)