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Chordata

Taxonomy
Chordata was named by Haeckel (1847). It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Brusca et al. (2016).

It was reranked as the unranked clade Chordata by Nielsen (2012).

It was assigned to Metazoa by Shoshani et al. (1989) and Sepkoski (2002); and to Deuterostomia by Zrzavy et al. (1998), Edgecombe et al. (2011), Nielsen (2012) and Brusca et al. (2016).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1847Chordata Haeckel p. 410
1989Chordata Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Chordata Zrzavy et al.
2002Chordata Sepkoski, Jr.
2011Chordata Edgecombe et al. p. 153 figs. Fig. 1
2012Chordata Nielsen p. 348
2016Chordata Brusca et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
RankNameAuthor
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2004-02-29 10:26:37
Modified: 2004-02-29 12:26:37
Source: g = genus, p = phylum
References: Holman 2000, Legendre 1988, Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Hopson 1973

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Manykaian to the top of the Holocene or 541.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 530.0 Ma

Collections (48882 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Manykaian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Siberia) Hertzina pensa (50424)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Hertzina pensa (99482)
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Hunan) Hertzina sp. (97714)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Sichuan) Hertzina antiqua, Hertzina intermedia (107389) Hertzina elongata (108312)
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Zhejiang) Hertzina sp. (108038)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4China (Jilin Provence) Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Albiconus postcostatus, Hirsutodontus simlex, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei (156924) Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuagangensis (156922) Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Cordylodus proavus (156920) Fryxellodontus inornatus (156909) Prooneotodus gallatini, Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei, Utahconus utahensis, Cordylodus lindstromi (156930) Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi (156901) Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Cordylodus pravus, Nogamiconus sp. (156915) Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Cordylodus proavus (156907) Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Proconodontus muelleri, Cambrooistodus cambricus, Prooneotodus gallatini, Prosagittodontus dhlmani (156902) Teridontus nakamurai, Cordylodus proavus (156921) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis (156899) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Cordylodus proavus (156910 156923) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei, Utahconus utahensis, Monocostodus serierensis, Cordylodus lindstromi (156929) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Furnishina primitiva, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Albiconus postcostatus, Hirsutodontus simplex (156925) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Cordylodus proavus (156911) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Semiacontiodus nogamii (156916) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Cambrooistodus cambricus, Prooneotodus gallatini, Teridontus gracilis, Westergaardodina amplicava, Westergaardodina bicuspidata (156903) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Cordylodus proavus (156908) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Furnishina primitiva, Proconodontus muelleri, Granatodontus ani, Cambrooistodus cambricus, Proconodontus serratus (156900) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Furnishina primutiva, Cordylodus proavus, Muellerodus hunjiangensis (156913) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Proconodontus muelleri, Granatodontus ani, Prooneotodus gallatini (156905) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Prooneotodus gallatini (156904) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Prooneotodus gallatini, Cordylodus proavus (156906) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina primitiva, Cordylodus proavus, Fryxellodontus inornatus, Nogamiconus sp., Semiacontiodus nogamii (156918) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina primitiva, Prooneotodus gallatini, Cordylodus proavus, Semiacontiodus nogamii, Albiconus postcostatus, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei, Utahconus utahensis, Cordylodus lindstromi (156928) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina primitiva, Prooneotodus gallatini, Muellerodus hunjiangensis, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei, Utahconus utahensis, Monocostodus serierensis, Drepanodus suberectus (156927) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina primitiva, Prooneotodus gallatini, Teridontus gracilis, Cordylodus proavus, Teridontus huanghuachangensis, Albiconus postcostatus, Hirsutodontus simplex, Cordylodus intermedius, Cordylodus drucei, Utahconus utahensis, Monocostodus serierensis, Drepanodus suberectus, Muellerodus hunjiangensis (156926) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus rotundus, Cordylodus proavus (156919) Teridontus nakamurai, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Prooneotodus roundatus, Cordylodus proavus, Semiacontiodus nogamii (156917) Teridontus nakamurai, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Cordylodus proavus, Fryxellodontus inornatus, Muellerodus hunjiangensis (156914) Teridontus nakamurai, Prooneotodus rotundatus, Furnishina furnishi, Cordylodus proavus, Fryxellodontus inoratus (156912)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4Norway (Naersnes) Cordylodus proavus, Drepanoistodus sp., Eoconodontus notchpeakensis, Fryxellodontus sp., Semiacontiodus nogamii, Teridontus nakamurai, Utahconus utahensis (156964) Cordylodus proavus, Eoconodontus notchpeakensis (156945)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4Russian Federation (St. Petersburg) Furnishina furnishi (191187)
Cambrian541.0 - 485.4Sweden (Uppland) Cordylodus prion, Cordylodus sp. (191678)
Tommotian530.0 - 520.0China (Hubei) Hertzina guizhouensis (155444)
Tommotian - Atdabanian530.0 - 516.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Hertzina elongata (6897)
Tommotian - Botomian530.0 - 513.0China (Hubei) Conodontomorpha indet. (10500)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0United Kingdom (England) Hertzina elongata (79933) Prooneotodus sp. indet (79940)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Yunnan) Myllokunmingia fengjiaoa, Haikouichthys ercaicunensis (68083) Shankouclava anningense (68567) Shankouclava sp. (86929) Yunnanozoon sp. (86930)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Kazakhstan Hertzina bisulcata (99357) Oneotodus triangulus (99300)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Hertzina elongata (9385 9387 9390)
Atdabanian - Botomian520.0 - 513.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Hertzina elongata (9391)
Branchian520.0 - 513.0United Kingdom (England) Hertzina elongata (79928 79931 79932)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (New York) Hertzina elongata (78765 78767 171821)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0Canada (British Columbia) Pikaia gracilens (84422 84424 84425 84428 84429 84435)