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Ctenosquamata

Actinopteri -

Taxonomy
Ctenosquamata is an unranked clade. It is extant.

It was assigned to Eurypterygii by Nolf and Dockery (1990); and to Eurypterygia by Betancur-R et al. (2013).

Sister taxa
Acanthomorphata, Myctophata

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1990Ctenosquamata Nolf and Dockery III p. 8
2013Ctenosquamata Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
RankNameAuthor
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Euteleosteomorpha
NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
Eurypterygia(Rosen 1973)
Ctenosquamata
Ctenosquamata

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Barremian to the top of the Holocene or 130.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 125.45 Ma

Collections (1020 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Morocco (Meknes-Tafilalet) Acanthomorpha indet., Errachidia pentapsinosa, Homalopagus multispinosus, Magrebichthys nelsoni (136753)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (Nebraska) Acanthichthys major (133595)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France Solea sp. (75576)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Italy Pogonias harpago (77178) Pogonias prodromus (76512) Pogonias prodromus, Pogonias harpago, Pogonias missilis (77255)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Brazil (Maranhão) Atlanticopristis equatorialis (56365)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Brazil (Maranhão) Sparidae indet. (67225)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Paracentrus lebanonensis (124426)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Italy Pogonias hirsutus (78741) Pogonias incallidus, Pogonias hirsutus, Pogonias prodromus, Pogonias harpago (78742)
Cenomanian - Early/Lower Turonian100.5 - 89.3Morocco (Souss-Massa-Draa) Eotrigonodon tabroumiti (87164)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Japan (Hokkaido) Myctophidae indet. (161434)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Souss-Massa) Spinocaudichthys oumtkoutensis (133582)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Italy Pogonias harpago (77273) Pogonias prodromus, Pogonias harpago (77274)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Palestinian Territory Pharmacichthys judensis, Aipichthyoides galeatus, Aipichthyoides formosus, Judeoberyx princeps (11804)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Acanthomorpha indet. (120457)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Italy Pogonias hirsutus (76493 77177) Pogonias incallidus (77110)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Acanthomorpha indet. (22731)
Late/Upper Turonian - Early/Lower Coniacian93.5 - 85.8Mexico (Coahuila) Acanthomorpha indet. (92293)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Italy (Gorizia) Beryciformes indet. (103811 116133)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Kansas) Holocentridae indet. (94652)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) Hoplopteryx sp. (81932 82049) Trachichthyidae indet. (82047)