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Clupei

Actinopteri -

Taxonomy
Clupei is an unranked clade. It is extant.

It was assigned to Otomorpha by Betancur-R et al. (2013).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2013Clupei Betancur-R. et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
RankNameAuthor
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Otomorpha
Clupei
Clupei

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Barremian to the top of the Holocene or 129.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 125.0 Ma

Collections (180 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Brazil (Alagoas) Pseudoellimma gallae (135830)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Brazil Ellimma cruzi (63322)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Sergipe) Nolfia riachuelensis (140003)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Morocco (Meknès-Tafilalet) Lusitanichthys africanus (136829)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Scombroclupea macrophthalma, Scombroclupea diminuta (124426)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Lusitanichthys sp. (120457)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (South Dakota) Clupeoidea indet. (181902)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Tajikistan (Asht) Portheus sp. (53132)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Italy (Gorizia) Clupeiformes indet. (103811 116133)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Wyoming) Portheus sp. (105717)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Portheus sp. (123474)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Italy Clupeiformes indet. (35332)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Portugal (Coimbra) Clupea arezedi (49228)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Antarctica Knightia andreae (150274)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Clupeidae indet. (122240) Clupeidarum sp. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Bolivia (Cochabamba) Gasteroclupea branisai (12855)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Argentina (Salta) Gasteroclupea branisai (114766)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Clupeidae indet. (58102)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Greece (Lamia) Clupea sp. (207612)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Mexico (Chiapas) Clupeidae indet. (190739)