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Osteichthyes (bony fish)

Taxonomy
Osteichthyes was named by Huxley (1880) [traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications traditionally a class, but raised to an unranked clade including other vertebrate classes in modern classifications]. It is extant.

It was corrected as Osteichthyes by Sepkoski (2002); it was reranked as the unranked clade Osteichthyes by Long (2011).

It was assigned to Vertebrata by Gunnell (1933); to Vertebrata by Huxley (1880), Thurmond and Jones (1981) and Shoshani et al. (1989); to Chordata by Sepkoski (2002); to Gnathostomata by Johanson et al. (2007); and to Gnathostomata by Gardiner (1982), Dineley and Metcalf (1999), Meyer and Zardoya (2003) and Long (2011).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Pisces Linnaeus p. 12
1866Pisces Haeckel p. CXXI
1880Osteichthyes Huxley p. 662
1898Pisces Gadow p. 5
1899Pattonia Peach p. 115
1899Pattonia couttsi Peach p. 115 figs. Pl 4, figs 1-1e
1904Pisces Eastman p. 74
1933Osteichthyes Gunnell
1969Pattonia Hoffman p. 578
1981Osteichthyes Thurmond and Jones p. 79
1982Osteichthyes Gardiner p. 228
1989Osteichthyes Shoshani et al. p. 435
1999Osteichthyes Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2002Osteichthyes Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Osteichthyes Meyer and Zardoya
2007Osteichthyes Johanson et al.
2011Osteichthyes Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
RankNameAuthor
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Osteichthyes()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2009-07-20 21:50:54
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:54
Source: g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Holman 2000, Legendre 1988, Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Hopson 1973, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Cassinian to the top of the Holocene or 478.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 468.1 Ma

Collections (39736 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cassinian478.6 - 468.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Incertae indet. (75589)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5USA (Nevada) Pentlandia merriami (51520 51522)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5Norway Pentlandia sp. (13845)
Wenlock - Silurian433.4 - 419.2USA (Wisconsin) Pentlandia glypta (13040 13069)
Gorstian427.4 - 425.6China (Junnan) Silurolepis platydorsalis (182557)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0China (Yunnan) Guiyu oneiros (27771)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Russian Federation Andreolepis hedei (23637)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0United Kingdom (England) Ischnacanthus kingi (8314 8320)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0China (Junnan) Hanilepis wangi, Poracanthodes qujingensis, Gomphonchus sp., Ligulalepis yunnanensis (182558)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0Sweden (Gotland) Andreolepis hedei (13820)
Kaugetuma423.0 - 419.2Estonia Gomphonchus sandelensis (195606)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia (Saare) Gomphonchus sandelensis, Gomphonchus hoppei, Poracanthodes punctatus, Lophosteus superbus (193837)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia Andreolepis sp. (13831)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Acanthodii indet. (26917)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Sichuan) Gomphonchus sandelensis (182549)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (Nunavut) Acanthodii indet. (90324)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Junnan) Petalichthyida sp., Psarolepis sp., Hanilepis wangi (182559)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (New Brunswick) Nerepisacanthus denison (161317)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Gansu) Gomphonchus sandelensis (182526)
Paadla422.9 - 419.2Estonia Andreolepis hedei (13826)