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Batoidea (ray)

Chondrichthyes -

Taxonomy
Batoidea was named as an order. It is extant.

It was reranked as the superorder Batoidea by Herman (1979); it was synonymized subjectively with Batomorphii by Cappetta (1987); it was reranked as the unranked clade Batoidea by Long (2011).

It was assigned to Euselachiformes by Case (1978); to Chondrichthyes by Lancaster (1986); to Elasmobranchii by Herman (1979), Thurmond and Jones (1981) and Goodwin et al. (1999); and to Neoselachii by Long (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1978Batoidea Case p. 195
1979Batoidea Herman p. 64
1981Batoidea Thurmond and Jones p. 69
1986Batoidea Lancaster p. 125
1999Batoidea Goodwin et al. p. 731
2011Batoidea Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
Batoidea
Batoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-16 15:51:00
Modified: 2009-07-16 17:51:00
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Oxfordian to the top of the Holocene or 161.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 155.7 Ma

Collections (873 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany (Niedersachsen) Pristis dubius (67913)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France (Basse-Normandie) Dasyatidae indet. (74916)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Engaibatis schultzei (53683)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8United Kingdom (England) Batoidea indet. (90718 90719 90721 90728)
Early/Lower Berriasian - Late/Upper Albian145.0 - 99.6Algeria (Illizi) Onchopristis numidus (25137)
Early/Lower Berriasian - Early/Lower Cenomanian145.0 - 93.5Algeria (Illizi) Onchopristis numidus (25222)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Pristis curvidens (132558)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0India Onchopristis indicus (91548)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Myliobatis sp. (84018)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4United Kingdom Dasyatis speetonensis (66420)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0Libya Batoidea indet. (61465)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Spain (Aragón) Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (28196)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0USA (Texas) Onchopristis sp., Hypolophus mcnultyi (99154) Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (14408)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Hypolophus mcnultyi (14390 99143 99144 99145 99147 99148 99149 99150 99151 99153 99155 99156 99158) Onchopristis dunklei, Hypolophus mcnultyi (99142 99152) Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (27603 27604 27606 27613) Pseudohypolophus sp. (52126)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Pseudohypolophus sp. (55246)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Tunisia (Tataouine) Onchopristis dunklei (116297)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Morocco (Er Rachidia) Onchopristis numidus (59777)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Morocco Tingitanius tenuimandibulus (150881)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (Texas) Batoidea indet. (31172) Onchopristis dunklei, Hypolophus mcnultyi (99146) Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (27774)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6Algeria (Adrar) Onchopristis numidus (59578)