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Ruminantia (ruminant)

Mammalia - Ungulata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1777Ruminantia Scopoli
1848Ruminantia Owen p. 139
1910Ruminantia Gregory p. 466
1940Ruminantia Scott p. 363
1969Ruminantia Ferrusquia-Villafranca
1981Ruminantia Thurmond and Jones p. 188
1988Ruminantia Carroll
1991Ruminantia Anyonge p. 385
1999Ruminantia Waddell et al. p. 2
2000Ruminantia Ursing et al.
2001Ruminantia Sach and Heizmann p. 35
2002Ruminantia Khan and Sarwar p. 140
2005Ruminantia Boisserie et al.
2005Ruminantia Mead and Taylor p. 3
2008Ruminantia Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 2
2008Ruminantia Webb p. 19
2009Ruminantia Spaulding et al.
2010Ruminantia Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2011Ruminantia Boisserie et al. p. 620 figs. Table 1
2013Ruminantia Bravo-Cuevas et al. p. 604

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: grazero
Diet 2: browsero
Created: 2005-08-26 14:03:05
Modified: 2005-09-19 12:23:23
Source: o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bartonian to the top of the Holocene or 41.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 40.4 Ma

Collections (3730 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Bovidae indet. (137861)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Spain (Aragon) Amphitragulus sp. (39017)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Nei Mongol) Archaeomeryx optatus (174962) Archaeomeryx sp. (28786)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Jiangsu) Archaeomeryx sp. (37493)
Sharamurunian48.6 - 37.2China (Shanxi) Zhailimeryx jingweni (41116)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Simimeryx hudsoni (16610) Simimeryx sp. (16786)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Hendryomeryx wilsoni (16624)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4Mexico (Oaxaca) Nanotragulus sp. (166797)
Uintan - Duchesnean46.2 - 37.2USA (California) Simimeryx hudsoni (16533 16800 16801)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Myanmar Indomeryx arenae (41110) Indomeryx cotteri (41179 41287 41307 180397 180398) Indomeryx cotteri, Indomeryx pilgrimi, Indomeryx minus (41331) Indomeryx sp. (41283) Irrawadymeryx pondaungi (41180) Thandaungia tini, Indomeryx cotteri, Indomeryx pilgrimi (41456)
Bartonian - Priabonian41.3 - 33.9Bulgaria Bachitherium thraciensis (192671)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Texas) Hendryomeryx sp. (16856) Hypertragulus heikeni (16838) Leptomeryx defordi (16828 16830 16835 16851) Leptomeryx sp. (16843)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Utah) Leptomeryx minutus (16852)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Wyoming) Hendryomeryx wilsoni (16826 16853 16884)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (California) Simimeryx hudsoni (16803 16804 16805 16806 16807 16808 16809 16810 16811) Simimeryx sp. (16813)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2Canada (Saskatchewan) Hendryomeryx sp. (16846)
Duchesnean - Chadronian40.4 - 33.9Canada (Saskatchewan) Leptomeryx blacki (17020)
Duchesnean - Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (Montana) Hendryomeryx defordi (16840)
Duchesnean - Early/Lower Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (California) Hypertragulus sp. (17039)
Duchesnean - Early/Lower Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Hendryomeryx sp. (16881)