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Serpentes (snake)

Reptilia - Squamata

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Serpentes Linnaeus p. 613
1853Ophidion Pomel
1853Ophidion antiquus Pomel
1853Ophidioniscus Pomel
1853Ophidioniscus antiquus Pomel
1870Coluber steinheimensis Fraas p. 291
1880Botrophis de Rochebrune
1880Botrophis gaudryi de Rochebrune
1902Serpentes Hay p. 478
1966Serpentes Kuhn p. 59
1970Serpentes Estes and Berberian p. 6
1981Serpentes Thurmond and Jones p. 162
1985Serpentes Benton p. 157
1988Serpentes Carroll
1988Serpentes Estes et al.
1991Serpentes Holman et al. p. 1
1996Serpentes Frank and Ramus
2000Serpentes Lee and Caldwell
2002Serpentes Lee and Scanlon
2006Serpentes Augé and Rage p. 244
2008Serpentes Rage et al. p. 391
2008Serpentes Venczel and Stiuca p. 755
2010Serpentes Wilson et al. p. 1
2013Serpentes Pyron et al.
2014Serpentes Vianey-Liaud et al. p. 575
2015Serpentes Caldwell et al.
2016Serpentes McCartney and Seiffert p. 2
2016Serpentes Stocker and Kirk

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
suborderOphidia(Latreille 1804)
Serpentes(Linnaeus 1758)
Serpentes(Linnaeus 1758)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 300 kgg
Minimum body mass: 10 gg
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Source: g = genus, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Holman 2000, Greene 1997, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Bathonian to the top of the Holocene or 167.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 164.7 Ma

Collections (1137 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eophis underwoodi (39075)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0USA (Utah) Serpentes indet. (191718)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Leiria) Parviraptor estesi (24563)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Utah) Serpentes indet. (22711)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Parviraptor sp. (53040) Serpentes indet., Parviraptor gilmorei (71476)
Early/Lower Berriasian - Early/Lower Cenomanian145.0 - 93.5Algeria (Illizi) Lapparentophis defrennei (25222)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Cuenca) Serpentes indet. (61319)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Algeria Lapparentopheidae indet., Serpentes indet. (187588)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5USA (Utah) Coniophis sp. (14396 117467)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Venezuela (Trujillo) Lunaophis aquaticus (176561)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (Utah) Coniophis sp. (14385)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Bosnia and Herzegovina (Herzegovina) Mesophis nopcsai (53519)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Madtsoiidae indet. (115189) Serpentes indet., Madtsoiidae indet., Nigerophiidae indet. (115190)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco Lapparentophis ragei (196796)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Palestinian Territory Haasiophis terrasanctus, Pachyrhachis problematicus, Ophiomorphus colberti (11804)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Xiaophis myanmarensis (194175)
Early/Lower Cenomanian - Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Lebanon (Kesrouâne) Podophis descouensi (60285)
Early/Lower Cenomanian - Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Lebanon Eupodophis descouensi (60311)
Early/Lower Cenomanian - Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France (Pays de la Loire) Serpentes indet. (67997)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France (Centre) Serpentes indet. (74071)