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Ruminantiamorpha

Mammalia - Ungulata

Taxonomy
Ruminantiamorpha was named by Spaulding et al. (2009). It is extant.

It was assigned to Artiodactyla by Spaulding et al. (2009).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2009Ruminantiamorpha Spaulding et al. p. 3 figs. Table 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantiamorpha

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: grazero
Diet 2: browsero
Created: 2005-08-26 14:03:05
Modified: 2005-09-19 12:23:23
Source: o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bartonian to the top of the Holocene or 41.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 40.4 Ma

Collections (3853 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Bovidae indet. (137861)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Spain (Aragon) Amphitragulus sp. (39017)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Jiangsu) Archaeomeryx sp. (37493)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Nei Mongol) Archaeomeryx optatus (174962) Archaeomeryx sp. (28786)
Sharamurunian48.6 - 37.2China (Shanxi) Zhailimeryx jingweni (41116)
Early/Lower Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Leptoreodon major (16667 16669 16671 16674 16680 16682 16686 16687 16710 16762) Leptoreodon major, Leptoreodon marshi (16665 16676) Leptoreodon marshi (16666 16706) Leptoreodon pusillus (16694) Leptoreodon sp. (16668) Leptotragulinae indet. (16675 16695)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4Canada (Saskatchewan) Leptoreodon marshi (16626) Leptoreodon sp. (16627)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Montana) Leptoreodon marshi (16551) Leptotragulinae indet. (16584)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Leptoreodon leptolophus, Leptoreodon pusillus, Toromeryx marginensis (16542)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Leptoreodon leptolophus (16553 16554) Leptoreodon sp. (16585 16780)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4Mexico (Oaxaca) Protoceratidae indet., Nanotragulus sp. (166797)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Leptoreodon edwardsi (16787) Leptoreodon leptolophus (16613 16636 16790) Leptoreodon leptolophus, Leptoreodon pusillus (16590) Leptoreodon pusillus, Leptoreodon stocki (16795) Leptoreodon sp. (16547 16615 16785 16814) Leptoreodon stocki (16789 16791 16792 16793) Protoceratidae indet. (16611) Simimeryx hudsoni (16610) Simimeryx sp., Leptoreodon edwardsi (16786)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Hendryomeryx wilsoni, Leptoreodon edwardsi (16624) Leptoreodon leptolophus (16535) Leptoreodon major (16652) Leptoreodon marshi (16538 16651) Leptoreodon pusillus (16586 16587 16599) Leptoreodon sp., Leptoreodon edwardsi, Leptoreodon major (16614) Toromeryx marginensis (16534)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Utah) Leptoreodon marshi, Leptotragulus proavus (16589 16646) Leptotragulus clarki, Leptotragulus medius (16594) Leptotragulus clarki, Leptotragulus medius, Leptotragulus proavus, Leptoreodon sp. (16607) Leptotragulus sp. (16575)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Wyoming) Leptoreodon sp., Leptotragulus medius (16513 16517) Leptoreodon sp., Poabromylus golzi (16518) Leptotragulus clarki (16521) Leptotragulus medius (16552)
Uintan - Duchesnean46.2 - 37.2USA (California) Leptoreodon pusillus, Leptoreodon stocki, Simimeryx hudsoni (16801) Leptoreodon stocki (16802) Simimeryx hudsoni (16800) Simimeryx hudsoni, Leptotragulinae indet. (16533)
Uintan - Duchesnean46.2 - 37.2USA (New Mexico) Leptomeryx sp. (16883)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Myanmar Indomeryx arenae (41110) Indomeryx cotteri (41179 41287 41307 180397 180398) Indomeryx cotteri, Indomeryx pilgrimi, Indomeryx minus (41331) Indomeryx sp. (41283) Irrawadymeryx pondaungi (41180) Thandaungia tini, Indomeryx cotteri, Indomeryx pilgrimi (41456)
Bartonian - Priabonian41.3 - 33.9Bulgaria Bachitherium thraciensis (192671)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (California) Leptoreodon leptolophus, Leptoreodon stocki (16844) Leptoreodon stocki (16812) Leptoreodon stocki, Simimeryx hudsoni (16805 16806) Simimeryx hudsoni (16803 16804 16807 16808 16809 16811) Simimeryx hudsoni, Leptoreodon sp. (16810) Simimeryx sp. (16813)