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Carchariniformes (ground shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1973Carcharhiniformes Compagno
1992Carcharhiniformes Cappetta p. 640
1992Carcharhiniformes Long p. 29
1999Carchariniformes Underwood et al. p. 292
2001Carcharhiniformes Purdy et al. p. 139
2002Carcharhiniformes Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Carcharhiniformes Underwood and Ward p. 451
2005Carcharhiniformes Kriwet
2005Carcharhiniformes Tabuce et al. p. 385
2006Carcharhiniformes Chandler et al. p. 2
2006Carcharhiniformes Malyshkina p. 467
2006Carcharhiniformes Underwood p. 234
2009Carcharhiniformes Cicimurri and Knight p. 632
2009Carcharhiniformes Kriwet et al. p. 323
2011Carchariniformes Long p. 242
2017Carcharhiniformes Engelbrecht et al. p. 2
2018Carcharhiniformes Kent p. 103
2019Carcharhiniformes Ebersole et al. p. 58

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
NeoselachiiCompagno 1977
orderCarchariniformes(Compagno 1973)
orderCarchariniformes(Compagno 1973)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:53:24
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:53:24
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Rhaetian to the top of the Holocene or 208.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 201.3 Ma

Collections (574 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Franche-Comté) Hemipristis lavigniensis (149394)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (England) Carcharhiniformes indet., Palaeoscyllium tenuidens, Eypea leesi (91449) Eypea leesi (91450 91453) Scyliorhinidae indet. (91451)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Spain Palaeoscyllium sp (151897 151901)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Germany Palaeoscyllium sp. (117194)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Palaeoscyllium sp. (154138)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Eastern Barvaria) Palaeoscyllium sp. (187438)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian155.7 - 145.0United Kingdom (England) Palaeoscyllium formosum (140224)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Poland Palaeoscyllium sp. (63065)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4United Kingdom Triakidae indet. (66420)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0United Kingdom (England) Palaeoscyllium formosum (101091)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Kazakhstan Protoscyliorhinus lamaudi (175010)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Corax pristiodontus (127182)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France (Poitou-Charentes) Protoscyliorhinus magnus (77233)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Wyoming) Corax sp. (87755)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Lebanon Paratriakis curtirostris, Pteroscyllium dubertreti, Pteroscyllium signeuxi (92241)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Wyoming) Corax sp. (105717)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Montana) Archaeotriakis rochelleae (69150 69161)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Maryland) Corax pristiodontus (127195)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden Paratriakis sp. (102885) Paratriakis sp., Scyliorhinidae sp. 2, Galeorhinus sp. (102883)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Sweden (Skane) Paratriakis sp. (106411)