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Petalodontiformes

Chondrichthyes - Petalodontiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1981Petalodontida Zangerl p. 94
2002Petalodontida Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Petalodontiformes Goto and Okura p. 219
2006Petalodontiformes Nelson p. 43
2010Petalodontiformes Ginter et al. p. 133
2011Petalodontiformes Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassHolocephali(Bonaparte 1832)
orderPetalodontiformes()
orderPetalodontiformes()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:09:25
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:09:25
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Chadian to the top of the Early/Lower Albian or 345.30000 to 109.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 345.0 Ma

Collections (126 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (Kentucky) Peripristis semicircularis (133266)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Petalodus acuminatus, Chomatodus clavatus (132782) Petalodus aliformis, Petalodus acuminatus, Climaxodus imbricatus, Ctenoptychius serratus (132729) Petalodus flabellula, Stichacanthus coemansi, Stichacanthus tortworthensis (137332) Petalodus rectus, Ctenoptychius apicalis, Chomatodus linearis, Chomatodus clavatus, Chomatodus denticulatus, Chomatodus truncatus, Chomatodus oliquus, Ctenoptychius serratus, Glossodus marginatus, Petalodus hastingsii, Petalodus psittacinus, Petalodus sagittatus, Polyrhizodus magnus, Polyrhizodus pusillus (132781) Petalodus rectus, Petalodus acuminatus, Petalodus hastingsii (132783) Polyrhizodus magnus, Petalodus davisii, Ctenoptychius dentatus, Petalodus serratus, Polyrhizodus colei, Polyrhizodus elongatus, Polyrhizodus attenuatus, Glossodus lingusbovis (137333) Pristicladodus goughi (132788)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (Alabama) Petalodus sp. (84103)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9USA (West Virginia) Petalodus sp. (124708)
Osagean353.8 - 342.8USA (Iowa) Chomatodus inconstans (133094)
Chadian345.3 - 345.0USA (Indiana) Chomatodus sp. (2455)
Chadian - Arundian345.3 - 342.8USA (Indiana) Chomatodus sp. (558)
Arundian345.0 - 342.8United Kingdom (Scotland) Antliodus scoticus (90682)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Belantsea montana, Netsepoye hawesi, Petalorhynchus beargulchensis (90681) Belantsea montana, Siksika ottae, Janassa clarki (116654) Polyrhizodus digitatus (116655)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Petalodus sp. (132670)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9USA (Iowa) Petalodus allegheniensis (74898)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Ctenoptychius apicalis, Janassa bituminosa (137307) Janassa imbricata, Petalodus acuminatus, Petalorhynchus psittacinus, Pristodus benniei (137321) Petalodus acuminatus (137326 137329) Petalodus acuminatus, Pristodus benniei (137327) Petalodus acuminatus, Pristodus falcatus (137324) Petalodus acuminatus, Pristodus falcatus, Pristodus concinnus, Pristodus benniei (137322) Pristodus falcatus (137351)
Westphalian A - Westphalian B318.1 - 314.6USA (Arizona) Petalodontidae indet. (92271)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Greenland Petalodus sp. (90247)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Arizona) Petalodus ohioensis (90772)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Texas) Petalodus sp. (132077)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (New Mexico) Petalodontidae indet. (149385 149387) Petalodontidae indet., Peripristis semicircularis (149386) Petalodus acuminatus (149388)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Japan Janassa sp. 1, Janassa sp. 2, Petalodus allegheniensis (90282)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Russian Federation Petalodus concavus (137350)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (South Dakota) Janassa sp. (132341)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0United Kingdom Ctenoptychius apicalis (137310 137312 137313 137338) Ctenoptychius apicalis, Janassa bituminosa (137311) Janassa bituminosa (137320) Janassa linguaeformis (137319)
Kashirian - Myachkovian313.8 - 306.95USA (New mexico) Petalodus sp. (46548)
Kasimovian - Moscovian307.0 - 307.0United Kingdom Climaxodus linguaeformis (137315)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Nebraska) Chomatodus arcuatus, Fissodus inaequalis (132974) Ctenopetalus occidentalis, Janassa maxima (132970) Janassa unguicula (132971) Peripristis semicircularis (132976 132977) Peripristis semicircularis, Petalodus alleghaniensis (132978) Petalodus alleghaniensis (132967) Petalodus destructor, Peripristis semicircularis, Chomatodus arcuatus (132676)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Fissodus dentatus (132973) Petalodus ohioensis (132333)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Petalodus ohioensis (130312) Petalodus sp. (149383)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Kansas) Fissodus dentatus (133264)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Pennsylvania) Petalodus ohioensis (184103 184105)
Missourian305.9 - 303.4USA (Ohio) Petalodus ohioensis (159903 159904)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Italy (Udine) Petalodus ohioensis (131452)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Slovenia Petalodontidae indet. (131613) Petalodus ohioensis (131612)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Oklahoma) Petalodus sp. D (132338)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Megactenopetalus kaibabanus (146376) Petalodus jewetti (132334) Petalodus sp. B, Petalodontidae indet. (132336)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9Italy Petalorhynchus sp. (131578)
Gzhelian - Asselian303.7 - 295.5Russian Federation Janassidae indet. (133282)
Noginian301.2 - 300.2USA (Kansas) Ctenoptychius occidentalis (11494) Petalodus ohioensis (11789)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Bolivia Megactenopetalus sp. (118107)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Japan Petalodus acuminatus (90285)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Oklahoma) Megactenopetalus kaibabanus (146375)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Kansas) Chomatodus sp., Petalodus allegheniensis (132372) Petalodus sp. A (132335) Petalodus sp., Chomatodus arcuatus (132374)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1USA (New Mexico) Petalodus sp. (149384)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1USA (Kansas) Janassa sp. (130786 130787) Serratodus sp. (130782)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Japan Serratodus sp. (133439)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Brazil Itapyrodus punctatus (51070)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Petalodus sp. C (132337)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Janassa sp., Ctenoptychius sp. (85299 85300)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Megactenopetalus kaibabanus (90277)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Megactenopetalus kaibabanus (118958 118959)
Early/Lower Kazanian272.5 - 268.0Russian Federation (Orenburg) Janassa sp. (189584)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Arizona) Megactenopetalus kaibabanus (90287 118961)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Japan Neopetalodus sp. (90286 133499) Petalodus sp. (90233)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Wyoming) Janassa unguicula, Janassa angularis (149345) Janassa unguicula, Janassa unguiformis (128880)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9China (Shaanxi) Petalodus shingkuoi (146377)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Oman Petalodontiformes indet. (140657)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Iran Petalodontidae indet., Petalorhynchus sp. (63727)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Japan Neopetalodus sp. (133503)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Greenland Janassa kochi (122142)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Sichuan) Petalodus shingkuoi (146378)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Germany Janassa angulata (149462 149463) Janassa angulata, Dictea striata, Janassa dictea, Byzenos latipinnatus (149471) Janassa bituminosa (96856 130037 130038 130039 137316 137317) Janassa humboldii (149464) Janassa korni (130272 130273 130274)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom Janassa bituminosa (131704 149365)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17United Kingdom (Durham) Janassa bituminosa (131709)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17USA (Wyoming) Janassa unguicula (90239)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Pakistan Petalorhynchus indicus (89064)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0Italy (Campania) Glossodus heckelii (112631)