Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Chimaeroidei

Chondrichthyes - Chimaeriformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1891Chimaeroidei Woodward p. 36
1963Chimaeroidei Jordan p. 605
1970Chimaeroidei Applegate p. 389
1981Chimaeroidei Thurmond and Jones p. 77
2006Chimaeroidei Nelson p. 45
2011Chimaeroidei Long p. 242

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
classChondrichthyes
subclassHolocephali(Bonaparte 1832)
superorderHolocephalomorphaLund 1986
orderChimaeriformesObruchev 1953
suborderChimaeroidei
suborderChimaeroidei

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektobenthico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:54:26
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:54:26
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2020, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Moscovian to the top of the Zanclean or 315.20000 to 3.60000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 307.0 Ma

Collections (69 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Similihariotta dabasinskasi (132078)
Angulata201.3 - 196.5France (Lorraine) Chimaera johnsonii (53947)
Margaritatus189.6 - 183.0United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Eomanodon simmsi (190858)
Spinatum189.6 - 183.0Germany Brachymylus latus (139794)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France Callorhinchidae indet. (179498)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom Ganodus sp., Ganodus oweni, Ganodus dentatus, Ganodus rugulosus, Ischyodus colei (131844)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Elasmodectes avitus (154138)
Early/Lower Barremian130.0 - 125.45Portugal (Setubal) Chimaeroidea indet. (49255)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Switzerland Ischyodon thurmanni (2167)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9Russian Federation (Voronezh) Chimaeridae indet. (92416)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6Australia (Queensland) Chimaeridae indet. (89951)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Edaphodon sp. (94253)
Late/Upper Albian - Cenomanian105.3 - 93.9Russian Federation (Belgorod) Chimaeridae indet. (32314)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon mirificus (126156)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Russian Federation (Volgograd) Elasmodectes kiprijanoffi, Chimaeridae indet., Edaphodon sedgwicki (92399)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Canada (Saskatchewan) Chondrichthyes indet. (22731)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Spain (Asturias) Edaphodon sp. (98396)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Alabama) Edaphodon barberi (81926) Edaphodon mirificus (81928)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Alabama) Edaphodon mirificus (81931) Edaphodon sp. (81934)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Chimaeridae indet. (167421 167424 167492 167496 167502 167503 167518 167522 167526 167528 167529 167530)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Volgograd) Chimaeroidea indet. (59385)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Russian Federation (Saratov) Edaphodon sp. (157353)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon sp. (99138)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Russian Federation (Volgograd) Chimaeridae sp. (142787) Edaphodon eolucifer (142788)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Dipristis meirsii (88034) Leptomylus forfex (48570)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon stenobyrus, Edaphodon mirificus (26819)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon mantelli (62840)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Russian Federation (Volgograd) Chimaeroidea indet. (115694)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon agassizi (26820) Edaphodon mirificus (198624)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Mississippi) Edaphodon mirificus (198623)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon sp. (3113)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Russian Federation (Volgograd) Chimaeroidea indet. (176206)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (Virginia) Edaphodon sp. (122852)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8France (Oise) Edaphodon sp. (166598)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Edaphodon bucklandi, Chimaera venablesae (13299)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Edaphodon bucklandi (41888 41994 41998) Edaphodon bucklandi, Edaphodon leptognathus (41992) Edaphodon minor, Edaphodon bucklandi, Edaphodon leptognathus (41989)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Antarctica (Seymour Island) Chimaera seymouriensis (53666)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (New Jersey) Edaphodon eocaenus (84022)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0United Kingdom (England) Edaphodon leptognathus (42636)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Georgia) Edaphodon sp. (45640)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France Chimaeridae indet. (69805)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4Germany Chimaera gosseleti (46097)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Chimaeroidei indet. (68021)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany Chimaera gosseleti (46096)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Edaphodon sweeti (72189)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Edaphodon sweeti, Edaphodon mirabilis (46167)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Edaphodon sp. (154112)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Australia (Victoria) Edaphodon sweeti (51335)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (California) Chimaeridae indet. (50068)