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Ctenacanthidae

Chondrichthyes - Ctenacanthiformes - Ctenacanthidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1909Ctenacanthidae Dean
1981Ctenacanthidae Thurmond and Jones p. 38
1981Ctenacanthidae Zangerl p. 51
2001Ctenacanthidae Williams p. 215
2004Ctenacanthidae Goto and Okura p. 217
2006Ctenacanthidae Duffin and Ginter p. 254
2010Ctenacanthidae Ginter et al. p. 68

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
orderCtenacanthiformes(Cappetta 1988)
familyCtenacanthidaeDean 1909
familyCtenacanthidaeDean 1909

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:57:49
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:57:49
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Emsian to the top of the Rhaetian or 407.60000 to 201.30000 Ma

Collections (129 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Emsian - Eifelian407.6 - 387.7Brazil (Piaui) Ctenacanthus sp. (37126 37128)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation (Komi) Ctenacanthidae indet. (133353)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (Ohio) Ctenacanthus compressus (90676 90677) Tamiobatis vetustus (90624)
Middle Famennian370.6 - 364.7Russian Federation (Komi) Ctenacanthidae indet. (133358 133359)
Kinderhookian360.7 - 353.8USA (Indiana) Cladodus springeri (6730)
Early/Lower Mississippian360.7 - 345.3USA (Alabama) Ctenacanthus elegans (84108)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Russian Federation Ctenacanthidae indet. (133363)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Ctenacanthus denticulatus (137332) Ctenacanthus heterogyrus, Acondylacanthus distrans, Ctenacanthus sulcatus, Ctenacanthus laevis, Ctenacanthus pustulatus, Acondylacanthus attenuatus, Acondylacanthus colei, Acondylacanthus tenuistriatus (137333) Ctenacanthus heterogyrus, Ctenacanthus crenatus, Cladodus mirabilis, Cladodus laevis, Ctenacanthus distans (132781)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (Alabama) Cladodus newmani (84103)
Meramecian345.0 - 336.0USA (Nevada) Cladodus sp. (62674 62842)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Montana) Ctenacanthus indet. (5621) Ctenacanthus indet., Cladodus sp. (5641)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Cladodus mirabilis (132670)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Ctenacanthus denticulatus (132785)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Japan Cladodus sp. 1, Cladodus sp. 2, Cladodus sp. 3, Cladodus sp. 4 (90282)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (indiana) Symmorium reniforme (132245)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Arizona) Amelacanthus sp., Cladodus occidentalis (90772)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Colorado) Bythiacanthus sp. 1, Bythiacanthus sp. 2, Ctenacanthus buttersi, Acondylacanthus nuperus, Ctenacanthus furcicarinatus (132302) Ctenacanthus buttersi (132298 132299 132300 132301 132303)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (South Dakota) Cladodus sp. (132341)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (New Mexico) Bythiacanthus sp. (149385)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Greenland Ctenacanthus sp. (90245)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Ctenacanthus buttersi (132297) Styptobasis aculeata (132163) Symmorium reniforme (133406)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Indiana) Symmorium reniforme (131614 132119 132120 132157 132182 132185 132194 132197 132226 132227 132239 132282 133408 133409 133412 133414)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Russian Federation Cladodus lamnoides (132707) Symmorium reniforme (121038 121039)
Moscovian - Kasimovian315.2 - 303.7United Kingdom Ctenacanthus minor (132867)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Cladodus occidentalis, Bythiacanthus sp. (132333) Ctenacanthus sp., Cladodus sp. (117102)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Ctenacanthus sp., Symmorium reniforme (130312)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Nebraska) Cladodus mortifer (132676) Cladodus occidentalis (132967 133262 133263) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132978 133265)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Nebraska) Glikmanius myachkovensis (149380)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Ctenacanthidae indet. (120926)
Noginian301.2 - 300.2USA (Kansas) Cladodus sp. (11789 11866 11958)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132657)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Bolivia Cladodus sp. (118107)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Kansas) Amelacanthus sp. (132374) Cladodus sp. (12111 12115) Cladodus sp., Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132373) Ctenacanthus sp., Cladodus sp., Cladodus occidentalis (132372)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149353)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Oman Glikmanius myachkovensis (140654)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149352)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Greenland Cladodus sp. (90246)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Nebraska) Styptobasis knightiana (149351)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (85299) Glikmanius occidentalis (117094)
Leonard290.1 - 268.0USA (Oklahoma) Ctenacanthus sp. (84941)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Brazil (Maranhao) Ctenacanthidae indet. (192146)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Glikmanius occidentalis, Glikmanius myachkovensis (132087)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Glikmanius occidentalis (117092)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Arizona) Glikmanius occidentalis, Glikmanius myachkovensis (132091)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Japan Symmorium sp. (90286)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation Ctenacanthus sp. (164808)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Wyoming) Cladodus occidentalis, Ctenacanthus browni, Ctenacanthus obscuracostatus, Eunemacanthus keytei (128880) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149345)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Oman Amelacanthus sulcatus, Glikmanius myachkovensis, Glikmanius culmenis (140660 140664 140665 140666) Glikmanius myachkovensis (121856 121860 140659 140662 140667 140668 140669 140670 140673) Glikmanius myachkovensis, Glikmanius culmenis (121857 123785 140655 140657 140658 140661)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Japan Glikmanius occidentalis (117864)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Greenland Cladodus sp. (122144)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Germany Ctenacanthus sp. (96856 130037 130038 130039 149494)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17USA (Wyoming) Cladodus occidentalis, Ctenacanthus browni (90235) Ctenacanthus mutabilis (90236)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17India (Kashmir) Ctenacanthus ishii (48994 115374 115375)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) C. sp. (119813)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Oman Amelacanthus sp. (173257)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Belgium (Gaume) Ctenacanthidae indet. (139198 139199 139204)