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Pecora

Mammalia - Ungulata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Pecora Linnaeus p. 65
1850Pecora Bonaparte p. 1
1883Pecora Flower p. 185
1891Pecora Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1908Pecora Matthew p. 561
1934Pecora Cook p. 149
1988Pecora Carroll
2002Pecora Khan and Sarwar p. 140
2003Pecora Hassanin and Douzery
2008Pecora Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 2
2009Pecora Spaulding et al.
2015Pecora Sánchez et al. p. 7

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
Pecora()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: grazero
Diet 2: browsero
Created: 2005-08-26 14:03:05
Modified: 2005-09-19 12:23:23
Source: o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Uintan to the top of the Holocene or 46.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 40.4 Ma

Collections (3450 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cenozoic66.0 - 0.0Mongolia (South Gobi Aimag) Bovidae indet. (137861)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Spain (Aragon) Amphitragulus sp. (39017)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Hendryomeryx wilsoni (16624)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Texas) Hendryomeryx sp. (16856) Leptomeryx defordi (16828 16830 16835 16851) Leptomeryx sp. (16843)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Wyoming) Hendryomeryx wilsoni (16826 16853 16884)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2Canada (Saskatchewan) Hendryomeryx sp. (16846)
Duchesnean - Chadronian40.4 - 33.9Canada (Saskatchewan) Leptomeryx blacki (17020)
Duchesnean - Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (Montana) Hendryomeryx defordi (16840)
Duchesnean - Early/Lower Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Hendryomeryx sp. (16881)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Nebraska) Leptomeryx antecedens (17000) Leptomeryx evansi (17018) Leptomeryx evansi, Leptomeryx esulcatus (16929) Leptomeryx sp. (16917 16930 16940 16941 17014 17033) Leptomeryx sp., Leptomeryx evansi (16918) Leptomeryx speciosus (17031)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Montana) Leptomerycidae indet., Leptomeryx sp. (16990) Leptomeryx evansi (16946) Leptomeryx mammifer, Leptomeryx speciosus, Hendryomeryx sp. (16959) Leptomeryx sp. (16927 16935 16945 17041) Leptomeryx sp., Leptomeryx mammifer, Leptomeryx speciosus, Hendryomeryx sp. (16988 17010) Leptomeryx speciosus (16949 16989) Leptomeryx speciosus, Leptomeryx yoderi (16994) Leptomeryx transmontanus (16914 16924 16925)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9Canada (British Columbia) Leptotragulus significans (16984)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (California) Leptomeryx blacki (17029)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9Canada (Saskatchewan) Hendryomeryx esulcatus, Leptomeryx mammifer, Pseudoprotoceras semicinctus, Leptomeryx speciosus (16919) Hypertragulus transversus, Leptomeryx esulcatus, Leptomeryx mammifer, Leptomeryx semicinctus (101961) Leptomeryx sp. (16912) Leptomeryx speciosus (16979) Leptomeryx speciosus, Pseudoprotoceras semicinctus (16893) Leptomeryx yoderi (17023)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Leptomeryx esulcatus, Leptomeryx evansi (16977) Leptomeryx sp. (16968)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) Leptomeryx sp. (17021)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9Mexico (Chihuahua) Leptomeryx sp. (17015)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (North Dakota) Leptomeryx yoderi (16991)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Leptomeryx esulcatus (16908) Leptomeryx evansi (16973) Leptomeryx mammifer, Leptomeryx speciosus (16962 16963 16964) Leptomeryx sp. (16892 16896 16951 16952 16953 16955 16957 17011) Leptomeryx sp., Leptomeryx esulcatus (16920) Leptomeryx sp., Leptomeryx sp. (16961 16986) Leptomeryx speciosus (16942 16943 16965 16966) Leptomeryx yoderi (17045) Leptomeryx yoderi, Pseudoprotoceras semicinctus (16960)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Utah) Leptomeryx sp. (16948)