Ficus Röding 1798 (fig shell)

Gastropoda - Ficoidea - Ficidae

Parent taxon: Ficidae according to B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva 2010

See also Abbass 1967, Addicott 1970, Chiesa et al. 1995, DeVries 1997, Durham 1944, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Gardner 1947, Gardner 1948, Harzhauser 2002, Harzhauser 2004, Harzhauser and Mandic 2001, Hickman 1980, Ladd 1977, Ladd 1982, MacNeil 1960, Marasti 1973, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1931, Perrilliat 1987, Petuch 1988, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Wienrich 2001 and Woodring 1959

Sister taxa: Austroficopsis, Bulbificopsis, Ficopsis, Fusoficula, Gonysycon, Perissolax, Priscoficus, Pseudogaleodea, Sycodes, Thalassocyon, Urosyca

Subtaxa: Ficus (Diconoficus) Ficus (Ficus) Ficus (Trophosycon) Ficus affinis Ficus allenmanae Ficus bernardi Ficus carbasea Ficus carolina Ficus carriacouensis Ficus chinguensis Ficus chiraensis Ficus colombiana Ficus communis Ficus concinnus Ficus condita Ficus conditus Ficus decussata Ficus distans Ficus gesteri Ficus gibsonsmithi Ficus greenwoodii Ficus harrisi Ficus huzayeni Ficus inaequalis Ficus kachhensis Ficus knowltoni Ficus lanzi Ficus lindae Ficus lisselonga Ficus lisselongata Ficus mamillatus Ficus mississippiensis Ficus modestus Ficus nexilis Ficus pamotanensis Ficus paraensis Ficus pilsbryi Ficus plectatus Ficus pyriformis Ficus restorationensis Ficus rodeoensis Ficus variegata Ficus woodringi

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Type: Ficus variegata

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (2 collections), Fiji (1), India (2), Italy (1), Japan (1), United States (12: Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina), Vanuatu (1), Yemen (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1), Malaysia (1), Mexico (1)

• Pliocene of Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), the Dominican Republic (3), Ecuador (4), Fiji (1), India (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Mexico (5), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (1), Portugal (1), Spain (2), United States (12: California, Florida, South Carolina), Venezuela (5)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (5), Argentina (10), Austria (3), Belgium (11), Brazil (7), Chile (6), Colombia (10), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (19), France (6), Germany (20), Grenada (14), Haiti (1), India (9), Indonesia (2), Italy (12), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (3), Panama (29), Peru (4), Poland (1), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), Turkey (2), United States (26: California, Delaware, Florida, Oregon, South Carolina), Venezuela (8)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Bulgaria (1), Denmark (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Iran (1), Israel (1), Mexico (7), Myanmar (2), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (4), Peru (1), United States (26: Alabama, California, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Angola (2), Antarctica (3), Colombia (2), Egypt (1), France (3), Italy (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Peru (6), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (25: California, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene of Bulgaria (1), Greenland (3), United States (20: California, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Cretaceous of Canada (1: Alberta), United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 431 collections including 466 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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