Subfamily Camelinae Gray 1821 (camel)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae

Parent taxon: Camelidae according to J. G. Honey et al. 1998

See also Baskin and Thomas 2015, Dingus 1990, Harris et al. 2010, Hay 1902, Ruez 2005, Simpson 1945, Stanley et al. 1994, Webb 1965 and Webb and Meachen 2004

Sister taxa: Aepycamelinae, Altomeryx, Auchenia, Aucheniina, Australocamelus, Camelina, Floridatragulinae, Gentilicamelus, Gomphotherium, Gomphotherium serus, Matthewlabis, Merycotheriina, Miolabinae, Nothokemas, Nothokematinae, Oxydactylus, Palauchenia, Paratylopus, Poebrodon, Poebrotheriinae, Poebrotherium, Priscocamelus, Protolabinae, Protomeryx, Stenomylinae, Stilauchenia

Subtaxa: Camelini Camelopini Hesperocamelus Lamini Prochenia Protolabidini Teleopternus

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Type: Camelus

Ecology: ground dwelling browser-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Argentina (45), Bolivia (8), Brazil (14), Canada (10: Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon), Chile (8), Ecuador (5), Egypt (3), El Salvador (1), Ethiopia (3), Israel (1), Kazakhstan (2), Mexico (14), Morocco (1), Paraguay (1), Peru (5), Romania (1), Syria (2), Tajikistan (2), Turkey (1), United States (209: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming), Uruguay (3), Venezuela (1)

• Uquian of Uruguay (1)

• Blancan of Mexico (8), United States (127: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of India (1), Kenya (2), Malawi (1), Peru (1), Tajikistan (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (3), Bulgaria (1), China (1), Ethiopia (3), Hungary (2), India (4), Kazakhstan (3), Kenya (2), Mexico (3), Moldova (6), Morocco (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), Tajikistan (3), Tanzania (1), Ukraine (5), United States (2: California, Idaho)

• MN 13 of Turkey (1)

• Hemphillian of Canada (1: Alberta), Costa Rica (1), Mexico (6), United States (81: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Miocene of El Salvador (1), Honduras (2), Kazakhstan (1), Mexico (3), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (172: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

Total: 800 collections including 1042 occurrences

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