Subfamily Caprinae Gray 1821 (antelope)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae

Alternative spelling: Bobcaprini

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Bovidae according to L. Alcala and J. Morales 1997

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Gentry 2010, Gray 1821, Grubb 2001, Hay 1902, Kurten and Anderson 1980 and Mead and Taylor 2005

Sister taxa: Antilopina, Antilopinae, Antilospira, Bibos, Bootherium, Bovinae, Brabovus, Bucapra, Cambayella, Camelopardalina, Capra depressa, Capra reversa, Caprina, Criotherium, Deperetia, Dorcadoryx, Dorcadoxa, Eosyncerus, Euceratherium, Gallogoral, Gazellospira, Gentrytragus, Gobiocerus, Hanhaicerus, Helicoportax, Helicotragus, Hemibos, Hemistrepsiceros, Hesperidoceras, Hezhengia, Hippotraginae, Hypsodontinae, Kabulicornis, Kobikeryx, Kubanotragus, Leptobos, Leptotragus, Liops, Lyrocerus, Megalovis, Mesembriacerus, Mesembriportax, Microtragus, Moschiola, Namacerus, Neotragocerus, Nisidorcas, Oiocerini, Olonbulukia, Oreonager, Orygotherium, Pachygazella, Pachyportax, Pachytragus, Palaeoreas, Palaeoryx, Paraprotoryx, Paratragocerus, Parurmiatherium, Peleinae, Perimia, Platybos, Pliotragus, Proamphibos, Procamptoceras, Procobus, Prodamaliscus, Proleptobos, Prosinotragus, Prostrepsiceros, Protragelaphus, Protragocerus, Pseudobos, Pseudoeotragus, Pseudotragus, Pultiphagonides, Qurliqnoria, Rhynchotragus, Rhynotragus, Ruticeros, Samokeros, Selenoportax, Shensispira, Sinoreas, Sinoryx, Sinotragus, Sivacapra, Sivaceros, Sivaportax, Sivatragus, Sivoryx, Spirocerus, Sporadotragus, Strepsiportax, Strogulognathus, Tchaltacerus, Tethytragus, Toribos, Torticornis, Tossunnoria, Tragelaphinae, Tragocerus, Tragoportax, Tragoreas, Tragospira, Tsaidamotherium, Turritragus, Urmiatheriinae, Wellsiana

Subtaxa: Aragoral Benicerus Capricornis Damalavus Hemitragus Myotragus Naemorhedini Oreamnos Ovibos Ovibovini Praeovibos Protoryx Pseudois Rupicapra Rupicaprini Soergelia

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), Belgium (1), Canada (17: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (6), the Czech Republic (1), Ethiopia (3), France (12), Georgia (1), Germany (4), Gibraltar (1), Greece (3), Greenland (18), Hungary (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (6), Japan (3), Kenya (3), the Netherlands (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (4), South Africa (2), Spain (8), United States (16: Alaska, California, Colorado, Kansas, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), Hungary (1), Italy (2), the Russian Federation (2), South Africa (1), Spain (1)

• Pliocene of China (1), Georgia (1), Greece (1), Hungary (2), Italy (1), South Africa (3), Spain (3), Tajikistan (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), South Africa (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Spain (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), China (2), Greece (11), Iraq (1), Kyrgyzstan (1), Lebanon (1), Spain (1), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (3)

Total: 163 collections including 185 occurrences

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