Family Sphyraenidae (barracuda)

Actinopteri - Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae

Parent taxon: Carangimorphariae according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Carnevale and Godfrey 2018, Casier 1966, Fierstine et al. 2012, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001, Szabo et al. 2017, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Weems 1999 and Weiler 1938

Sister taxa: Carangiformes, Centropomidae, Istiophoriformes, Menidae, Pleuronectiformes, Polynemidae, Toxotidae

Subtaxa: Dictyodus Sphyraena

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Greece (1), United States (6: California, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Brazil (2), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (2), the Czech Republic (2), France (2), India (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), Peru (2), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (1), United States (9: Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (2), Hungary (2), United States (3: Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Germany (1), India (1), Italy (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (9: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Virginia), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of India (1), United States (1: Kansas)

Total: 77 collections including 81 occurrences

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