Sphyrna zygaena Linnaeus 1758 (hammerhead shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae

Alternative combination: Squalus zygaena

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Sphyrna according to W. Landini et al. 2019

See also Case 1981, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Hay 1902 and Purdy et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Sphyrna americana, Sphyrna denticulata, Sphyrna elongata, Sphyrna gibbesii, Sphyrna gilmorei, Sphyrna itoriensis, Sphyrna laevissima, Sphyrna lata, Sphyrna lewini, Sphyrna magna, Sphyrna media, Sphyrna prisca, Sphyrna tortilis

Type specimen: 1

Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Libya (1), South Africa (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (1), Mexico (1)

• Miocene of Costa Rica (1), France (5), Japan (1), Panama (6), Peru (1), Portugal (2), Slovakia (1), United States (2: North Carolina), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Peru (1)

• Oligocene of United States (1: South Carolina)

• Eocene of United States (1: Georgia)

Total: 30 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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