†family Mobulidae (stingray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Mobulidae

Alternative spelling: Mobulinae

Parent taxon: Myliobatiformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Cappetta 1987, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001 and Tabuce et al. 2005

Sister taxa: Acanthobatis, Bates, Ceratopteridae, Coupatezia, Dasyatidae, Dasyatoidea, Eomanta, Gymnuridae, Hypolophodon, Mobuloidea, Myliobatidae, Myliobatoidea, Platyrhinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Ptychacanthus, Rhinopteridae, Texabatis, Turoniabatis, Urolophidae

Subtaxa: Archaeomanta Brachioptilon Burnhamia Ceratoptera Eomobula Manta Mobula Paramobula

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of United States (1: North Carolina collection)

• MN 13 of Portugal (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ecuador (1)

• Miocene of Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (1), India (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (7), Poland (1), United States (4: North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of United States (1: South Carolina)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), Egypt (14), Jordan (1), Morocco (3), Senegal (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (5: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

Total: 62 collections including 95 occurrences

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