Family Rhinopteridae Jordan and Evermann 1896 (cow-nosed ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae

Alternative spelling: Rhinopterinae

Parent taxon: Myliobatiformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Cappetta 1987, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001, Szabo et al. 2017 and Thurmond and Jones 1981

Sister taxa: Acanthobatis, Bates, Ceratopteridae, Coupatezia, Dasyatidae, Dasyatoidea, Eomanta, Gymnuridae, Hypolophodon, Mobulidae, Mobuloidea, Myliobatidae, Myliobatoidea, Platyrhinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Ptychacanthus, Texabatis, Turoniabatis, Urolophidae

Subtaxa: Eorhinoptera Rhinoptera

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Ecuador (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), United States (2: Florida, South Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Austria (5), Brazil (4), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (2), India (2), Japan (2), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (11), Peru (1), Poland (1), Portugal (4), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (1), United States (9: Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Venezuela (4)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Japan (1), Oman (1), United States (2: North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Chile (2), Egypt (22), Namibia (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (11: Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene of Nigeria (1), United States (3: Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), India (1)

Total: 124 collections including 129 occurrences

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