Family Bothidae (flatfish)

Actinopteri - Pleuronectiformes - Bothidae

Parent taxon: Pleuronectoidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Ebersole et al. 2019, Gaemers 1984, Jordan 1963 and Purdy et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Achiridae, Achiropsettidae, Citharidae, Cynoglossidae, Paralichthyidae, Pleuronectidae, Poecilopsettidae, Rhombosoleidae, Samaridae, Scophthalmidae, Soleidae, Soleoidae

Subtaxa: Arnoglossus Bothidarum Bothus Citharus

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (3 collections), Italy (3), the Marshall Islands (1), United States (1: Georgia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Greece (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Greece (1), Italy (6), Kazakhstan (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (2)

• Oligocene of Germany (2), Hungary (2), United States (1: California)

• Eocene of France (1), Germany (1), Indonesia (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

Total: 35 collections including 41 occurrences

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