Family Xiphiidae Swainson 1839 (sword fish)

Actinopteri - Istiophoriformes - Xiphiidae

Parent taxon: Istiophoriformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Casier 1966, Fierstine 2006, Fierstine and Starnes 2005, Fierstine and Stringer 2007, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001 and Schultz 1987

Sister taxon: Istiophoridae

Subtaxa: Xiphiinae Xiphiorhynchinae

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (1 collection)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Italy (1), South Africa (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Austria (1), Chile (1), Peru (3)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Kazakhstan (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (3: Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Paleocene of United States (1: Maryland)

Total: 23 collections including 28 occurrences

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