Family Myliobatidae Bonaparte 1838 (eagle ray)

Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae

Parent taxon: Myliobatiformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Ameghino 1901, Andrews 1906, Buchanan et al. 2007, Cappetta 1987, Carnevale et al. 2014, Case 1979, Case 1981, Case and Schwimmer 1988, Cassier 1966, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Cvancara and Hoganson 1993, Eastman 1904, Hay 1902, Herman 1975, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1963, Kriwet et al. 2007, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Leriche 1942, Purdy et al. 2001, Silva et al. 2002, Szabo et al. 2017, Tabuce et al. 2005, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Underwood 2006, Woodward 1889 and Woodward 1916

Sister taxa: Acanthobatis, Bates, Ceratopteridae, Coupatezia, Dasyatidae, Dasyatoidea, Eomanta, Gymnuridae, Hypolophodon, Mobulidae, Mobuloidea, Myliobatoidea, Platyrhinidae, Potamotrygonidae, Ptychacanthus, Rhinopteridae, Texabatis, Turoniabatis, Urolophidae

Subtaxa: Aetobatinae Aetomylaeus Apocopodon Brachyrhizodus Ceratopterina Garabatis Igdabatis Leidybatis Meridiania Mesobatis Myliobates Myliobatina Myliobatinae Myliobatis Plinthicus Promyliobatis Pseudaetobatus Pseudohypolophus Pteromylaeus

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), Ecuador (1), France (1), South Africa (1), United States (13: California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Australia (3), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Italy (1), Libya (1), Mexico (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1), United States (2: California, Florida)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (2), Panama (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (1), Austria (3), Brazil (3), Colombia (2), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (3), Germany (1), India (7), Italy (1), Japan (4), Madagascar (1), Mexico (2), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (1), Panama (7), Peru (9), Poland (2), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (2), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sri Lanka (2), United States (26: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (3)

• Waitakian of New Zealand (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (2), France (1), Germany (3), Hungary (1), Japan (1), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (5), United States (4: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (2), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Chile (1), Egypt (24), France (1), Germany (1), India (6), Italy (3), Jordan (1), Libya (2), Morocco (2), Namibia (1), Niger (1), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (1), the Russian Federation (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Togo (1), the United Kingdom (12), United States (29: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia), Uzbekistan (3), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Denmark (1), India (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Paleocene of Brazil (1), France (1), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (1), Saudi Arabia (10), United States (9: Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Tertiary of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cenozoic of New Zealand (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (2), India (7), Jordan (1), Madagascar (1), Mali (1), Niger (2), Spain (3), United States (22: Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, Utah)

Total: 329 collections including 437 occurrences

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