Eschrichtius robustus Van Beneden and Gervais 1868 (gray whale)

Mammalia - Cetacea - Eschrichtiidae

Alternative combinations: Balaenoptera robusta, Eschrichtius robusta, Plesiocetus robustus

Synonyms: Agaphelus gibbosus Erxleben 1777, Agaphelus glaucus Cope 1868, Balaena gibbosa Erxleben 1777, Eschrichtius gibbosus Erxleben 1777, Eschrichtius glaucus Cope 1868, Rachianectes glaucus Cope 1868

Full reference: P. J. Van Beneden and P. Gervais. 1868. Ostéographie des cétacés vivants et fossiles, comprenant la description et l'iconographie du squelette et du système dentaire de ces animaux; ainsi que des documents relatifs à leur histoire naturelle 1-634

Belongs to Eschrichtius according to P. Gol'din and M. E. Steeman 2015

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Barnes 1977, Bisconti and Varola 2006, Bouetel and Muizon 2006, Brandt 1874, Cope 1868, Cope 1868, Cope 1868, Deméré et al. 2005, Garrison et al. 2019, Geisler et al. 2011, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1864, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Hershkovitz 1966, Junge 1936, Lacépède 1804, Lydekker 1887, Marx 2011, Marx and Fordyce 2015, McLeod et al. 1993, Mead and Brownell 2005, Mead and Mitchell 1984, Owen 1843, Rice 1998, Scammon and Cope 1869, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Tsai and Boessenecker 2015, Tsai et al. 2014, Turner 1912, Uhen et al. 2008, Van Deinse 1937 and Vidal 1991

Sister taxa: Cyphonotus, Eschrichtius akishimaensis, Eschrichtius mysticetoides

Type specimens:

  • Eschrichtius robustus: University Museum of Upsala, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Graso, which is in a Holocene marine horizon in Sweden.
  • Agaphelus glaucus:
  • Eschrichtius gibbosus:


• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), Japan (1), the Netherlands (3), Norway (1), the Russian Federation (1), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (16: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

Total: 27 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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