Family Scorpaenidae Risso 1827 (perch-like fish)

Actinopteri - Perciformes - Scorpaenidae

Parent taxon: Scorpaenoidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also David 1943, Fierstine et al. 2012, Gaemers 1984, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Pauca 1931, Schwarzhans 2003 and Schwarzhans 2007

Sister taxa: Peristediidae, Scorpaenoideorum, Sebastidae, Setarchidae, Synanceiidae, Tetrarogidae

Subtaxa: Pontinus Rhomarchus Rixator Scorpaena Scorpaenidarum Scorpaeninae Scorpaenoides

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (1 collection)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Jamaica (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (1), United States (5: California)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (1), Japan (1), Romania (1), United States (1: California)

• Eocene of Germany (1)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1)

Total: 20 collections including 27 occurrences

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