Subfamily Equinae Steinmann and Döderlein 1890 (horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Parent taxon: Equidae according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Baskin 1991, Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquía-Villafranca 2006, Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquia-Villafranca 2008, Dos Santos Avilla et al. 2015, Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. 2014, Gidley 1907, Hay 1902, Kelly 1995, Lance 1950, Manning and MacFadden 1989, Prado and Alberdi 1996, Prothero and Schoch 1989 and Quinn 1955

Sister taxa: Anchitheriinae, Duchesnehippus, Eohippus, Epihippus, Erihippus, Gobihippus, Hipphaplus, Hyracotheriinae, Lophiopus, Minippus, Orohippus, Plesiohipparion, Pliolophus, Protohippinae, Protorohippus, Sifrhippus, Sivalhippus, Xenicohippus

Subtaxa: Acritohippus Calippini Equini Hipparionini Hippodon Hippotheriini Merychippus Protohippini Scaphohippus Stylonus

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Type: Equus

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), Argentina (37), Austria (1), Azerbaijan (2), Belgium (1), Bolivia (8), Brazil (17), Canada (31: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Yukon), Chile (11), China (8), the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Costa Rica (1), Croatia (1), the Czech Republic (2), Djibouti (4), Ecuador (15), Egypt (16), El Salvador (2), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (117), France (30), Georgia (3), Germany (31), Greece (25), Guatemala (2), Honduras (1), Hungary (7), India (16), Israel (5), Italy (38), Kazakhstan (3), Kenya (78), Kyrgyzstan (1), Libya (4), Malta (1), Mexico (24), Monaco (2), Mongolia (1), Morocco (10), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (6), Nicaragua (3), Pakistan (2), Panama (1), Peru (12), Portugal (1), Romania (18), the Russian Federation (12), Saudi Arabia (2), South Africa (50), Spain (33), Sudan (5), Swaziland (1), Syria (2), Taiwan (1), Tajikistan (3), Tanzania (43), Turkey (3), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (13), United States (410: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming), Uruguay (2), Uzbekistan (1), Venezuela (4), Zambia (4)

• Blancan of Mexico (14), United States (226: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Washington)

• Pliocene to Holocene of Malawi (1), Uganda (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Costa Rica (1), Ethiopia (11), France (2), Greece (6), India (1), Italy (4), Kenya (34), Malawi (3), Nepal (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (4), Spain (2), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (1), United States (1: Montana)

• Pliocene of Argentina (3), Armenia (1), Bulgaria (1), Chad (3), Chile (1), China (14), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (26), France (1), Georgia (3), Greece (15), Hungary (7), India (5), Italy (3), Kazakhstan (4), Kenya (19), Malawi (2), Mexico (3), Moldova (2), Morocco (1), Myanmar (1), Romania (9), the Russian Federation (8), South Africa (7), Spain (14), Tajikistan (5), Tanzania (32), Turkey (1), Uganda (2), Ukraine (9), United States (14: California, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas)

• MN 13 of China (1), Moldova (3), Portugal (1)

• Hemphillian of Canada (1: Alberta), Costa Rica (1), Mexico (24), United States (169: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Greece (2), Kazakhstan (5), Kenya (5), Mongolia (1), South Africa (7), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), Uganda (21), Ukraine (1), United States (10: California, Florida, Oklahoma)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (2), Kenya (2), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1), United States (1: Massachusetts)

• Neogene of Argentina (1), Ukraine (3)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (5), Austria (4), Bulgaria (2), Canada (38: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Chad (1), China (28), Egypt (1), El Salvador (1), Ethiopia (2), France (4), Georgia (2), Germany (1), Greece (45), Honduras (8), Hungary (2), India (2), Iran (1), Iraq (1), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (5), Kyrgyzstan (1), Lebanon (1), Mexico (15), Moldova (8), Morocco (1), Myanmar (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (7), Panama (1), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (3), South Africa (2), Spain (20), Syria (1), Tajikistan (3), Tanzania (1), Thailand (2), Tunisia (7), Turkey (9), Uganda (5), Ukraine (15), the United Arab Emirates (1), United States (931: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

Total: 3204 collections including 4505 occurrences

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